Sve objave od ADMIN JAŠARAGIĆ

In Memoriam: Branka Brujić (1931.-2020.)

prof. Branka Brujić, FPZG, 1990. godine
foto Mišo Lišanin

Piše: doc. dr. sc. ANA MATAN

 

Profesorice Branke Brujić više nema. Čitam njene tekstove i vraćam se u studentske klupe Lepušićeve 6, u učionice koje neki pamte po dimu iz njenih filter 160 cigareta, a ja po zastrašujućim riječima i sintagmama koje je lakoćom pripitomljavala i činila sigurnima za svakoga tko bi im se htio približiti. Neki su ipak ostajali podozrivi. A kako i ne bi. Ipak je veliki rizik da s 18 godina hodaš okolo i govoriš o „uvjetu mogućnosti svake spoznaje“ ili „uvjetima iskustva“, pa neugodno ti je. Ali većina je nas ipak položila kolegij koji se zvao Uvod u filozofiju s filozofskom antropologijom, i to često začuđeni s kakvom smo lakoćom svladali, primjerice, Platonovo učenje o ljubavi iz Gozbe. Mnogima bi to bio i prvi kolokvij, jer je predmet bio na prvoj godini i svi s kojima sam ovih dana dijelila uspomene na profesoricu Brujić pamte taj prvi kolokvij kao ugodno i za studente ohrabrujuće iskustvo, opet uz nezaobilaznu punu pepeljaru.

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IN MEMORIAM: PROF. DR. SC. RADOVAN PAVIĆ

Autor fotografije: Miodrag Lišanin

Piše: izv. prof. dr. sc. MARTA ZORKO

 

Bilo je polusunčano zimsko poslijepodne, moglo je biti prije nekih deset, petnaest ili čak dvadeset godina – kad sam dobila zadatak dočekati profesora Radovana Pavića, predstaviti ga i ugostiti na predmetu Politička geografija i geopolitika. Kako ga nisam imala prilike slušati za vrijeme studija jer je već bio u mirovini, sjećam se kao danas da sam čitavo to jutro panično pretraživala internet u potrazi za njegovom slikom ne bih li ga lakše prepoznala na porti. Tada sam sasvim slučajno otkrila svijet njegovih vizualnih geopolitičkih prikaza, mapa i političkih karata. I uistinu, i danas je puno jednostavnije pronaći neku njegovu, glagoljicom potpisanu kartu, nego osobnu fotografiju. Zbog toga mi je iznimno drago da je ovo sjećanje na njega popraćeno s posebno za ovu priliku pronađenim fotografijama, te da izlazi na portalu časopisa kojemu je profesor “dao” skoro čitavu svoju znanstvenu karijeru i značajan doprinos.

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PROF. DR. SC. TENA MARTINIĆ (1933-2020.)

prof. Tena Martinić, FPZG, 1990. godine
foto Mišo Lišanin

Piše: GORDANA VILOVIĆ

 

„Raditi kao nastavnik na Fakultetu posebna je privilegija. Malo zvanja donosi toliko radosti. I kad jednom uđeš u rad sa studentima nikada im nemoj oduzimati dostojanstvo, ali nemoj ni sebi kao nastavniku!“, tako je po prilici govorila profesorica Tena Martinić kad sam joj jednom davno rekla da ću početi raditi sa studentima. U životu svakog od nas urežu se neke riječi nekih nama dragih ljudi kojih se uvijek sjećamo. A Tena Martinić me je nekako pratila kroz život; prvo, na studiju politologije, a potom i na dvogodišnjem studiju novinarstva, sredinom sedamdesetih godina 20. stoljeća. Na politologiji, nas je studente upoznala s klasicima sociologije kulture, a na dvogodišnjem studiju novinarstvu, čije je osnivanje pokrenula, provodili smo daleko više vremena zajedno – organizirajući tribine, osnivajući svoje novine i priželjkujući da napravimo karijere u novinarstvu. Neki iz naše generacije 1977/1978. su se kasnije zaista potvrdili kao novinari, književnici i urednici. Na njih je Tena bila ponosna.

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ACTING POTENTIAL OF MEMORY OF THE LEFT: ON SELF-REFLECTION OF A DEFEAT

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.1.01

Todor Kuljić ; Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade

Fulltext: serbian, pdf (327 KB) pages 7-25 cite

Abstracts
How could we rethink and organize memories of the Left in an operational and active way? How could one openly confront the Left-Wing culture of defeat? The paper considers some dimensions of the Left-Wing defeat after 1989, the nature of the linear and the contingent time, various defeat experiences of fascism and liberalism and the dialectic of hope and disappointment. One should reject the language of psychoanalysis (longing, nostalgia, sorrow, melancholy) and the teleological vision of the neoliberal winner. The Left Wing and Right Wing should be understood in new dimensions of time within a new relationship between Cairos and Chronos in the digital age. The Left needs self-reflective review of its own mistakes, if it wants to learn lessons for the future. Theory can awake practical ambition. A desirable multilayered Left-Wing memory has been damaged by dominance of one type of memory. The Left needs self-control and a balanced memory of both badly missing socialist welfare state and its own violence.

Keywords
Left Wing; Melancholy; Defeat; Teleology; Self-reflexion

Hrčak ID: 237641

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/237641

DIALECTICS OF ETHNODETERMINISM: BIOPOLITICAL CONSTRUCTION OF RESISTANCE NARRATIVE

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.1.02

Jasmin Hasanović   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-5448-7553 ; Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Sarajevo

Fulltext: bosnian, pdf (340 KB) pages 26-46 cite

Abstracts
This paper examines whether and to what extent the political order in Bosnia and Herzegovina, determined by the logic of ethnopolitics, contains and produces towards itself a subversive potential for its own negation. The idea gradually emerged in the context of various protests over the past five years, but it has taken a more serious shape as an academic issue by the merging of “Justice for Dženan” and “Justice for David” protests in 2018. Through the protests, starting from the citizens’ ID number and health care to workers’ rights and demobilized war veterans as politicized bodies par excellence up to the institutionalized instrumentalization of death, a biopolitical dimension signed by ethnodeterminism is noticeable. With a political reading of the relationship between counter-hegemonic narratives from below and their increasingly visible criminalization from above, the author problematizes how that which is here called biopolitics of ethnodeterminism produces a narrative of resistance as a possibility which illuminates the reverse of the system, thus calling into question the basis of its legitimation.

Keywords
Ethnodeterminism; Ethnopolitics; Biopolitics; Protests; Bosnia and Herzegovina

Hrčak ID: 237642

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/237642

“MAN IS ALSO WHAT HE CAN BE”: INTERPRETING THE MEANING OF THE CONCEPT OF ALIENATION IN SOCIALISM AND POST-SOCIALISM

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.1.03

Andrea Matošević   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-8602-6353 ; Faculty of Interdisciplinary, Italian and Cultural Studies, Juraj Dobrila University of Pula

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (348 KB) pages 47-66 cite

Abstracts
The paper analyses the notion of alienation in a dual sense: first, as a significant articulation of philosophical and sociological problems in Yugoslav socijalist thought and beyond, but also as a very present accentuation of the work conditions detected in industry. This double position builds a partial comparison with and analysis of the context of today’s working conditions in the “cognitariat” sector, but from which detection of alienation is almost completely removed and replaced with terms such as “hopelessness”, “indifference”, “futility”, “self-exploitation”, or “burnout”. The paper interprets the lack of such substitution, since alienation, despite the constantly emphasized abstractness of its meaning, connotes criticism, change and overcoming the current issues. This implies strong effort towards disalienation, which is not the case with the mentioned substitutive terms. For this reason, linguistic analysis and attempts to answer the question on the possibility of speaking and analysing a part of today’s, especially working, conditions in terms of alienation are a dominant part of this paper.

Keywords
Alienation; Disalienation; Conditions of Work; Precariousness; Socialism

Hrčak ID: 237643

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/237643

THE CONNOTATIVE MEANING OF SOCIALLY AND POLITICALLY RELEVANT CONCEPTS AS AN INDICATOR OF SOCIAL CLIMATE – A LONGITUDINAL STUDY IN SERBIA

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.1.04

Nebojša Petrović   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-1623-4018 ; Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade
Bora Kuzmanović ; Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade

Fulltext: serbian, pdf (2 MB) pages 67-92 cite

Abstracts
This paper is a comparative study composed of four studies conducted between 1997 and 2015. The authors examine the connotative meaning of politically relevant concepts in 18-19 years old students from various types of secondary schools. The connotative meaning is an additional, emotionally colored meaning of words, and this coloration originates from the social environment and the spirit of the times. Therefore, with the changes of this meaning it is possible to follow the changes of dominant social values and social climate. The sample consisted of a total of 750 students assessing the following concepts, at four time points (sub-samples at these points were balanced in terms of socio-demographic characteristics): nation, nationalism, socialism, leader, democracy, peace, left, right, present and future. Each of the concepts is examined by Ozgud’s scale of semantic differential, through 12 opposing pairs of adjectives like bad – good or worthless – worthy. The results showed considerable variation in both: 12 adjective pairs on each single concept at a single point in time – giving a more subtle profile of meaning than in case of a general assessment of the concepts – and over time. The variations over the years give indications of a change in social climate and values, at least in the generation of young people, in these turbulent two decades in Serbia.

Keywords
Connotative Meaning of Concepts; Concepts; Youth; Society; Social Climate Change

Hrčak ID: 237644

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/237644

THE ORIGINS, GENESIS AND NATURE OF THE SECESSIONIST RHETORIC IN THE REPUBLIC OF SRPSKA

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.1.05

Aleksandar Savanović   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-1156-443X ; Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Banja Luka
Aleksandar Vranješ   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-1728-3671 ; Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Banja Luka
Nevenko Vranješ   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-0006-9449 ; Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Banja Luka
Željko Budimir ; Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Banja Luka

Fulltext: serbian, pdf (501 KB) pages 93-126 cite

Abstracts
Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is a complex state union composed of two entities and three constituent peoples. This fact is a consequence of the 1992-95 civil war, which changed the ethnic structure of BiH. From the institutional perspective, the two entities were given in Dayton a high level of political autonomy. The so-called “entity veto” was created in Dayton, and it is implemented by many key political bodies – from the House of Peoples and the House of Representatives of the Parliamentary Assembly of BiH to the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Beside that, it is argued that BiH lacks the “internal recognition” and many of the political actors advocate radical constitutional changes which would disrupt or even completely change the “Dayton” architecture of BiH. Because of that it is not surprising that secessionist rhetoric exists in BiH’s political sphere. The secessionist rhetoric in the Republic of Srpska (RS) will be analysed in this paper and possible secessionist strategy will be described. The aim of this paper is to determine whether secessionist arguments, rhetoric and possibly politics represent an integral strategy and coherent political platform, or whether they are just generated for daily political purposes. Authors will also try to determine whether this secessionist rhetoric is “institutionalised”, i.e. whether it is present in official documents of RS institutions and/or major political parties, or just in the activities of social movements and/or individual political subjects.

Keywords
Secession; Republic of Srpska; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina; Dayton Peace Agreement

Hrčak ID: 237645

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/237645

DEATH PENALTY FOR APOSTASY IN ISLAM

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.1.06

Ajla Čustović ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (337 KB) pages 127-149 cite

Abstracts
In this article, the author approaches one of the tension points within the problematics of Islam and liberal understanding of human rights – freedom of religion in opposition to the death penalty for apostasy in Islam. The author critically approaches the extreme interpretation of Islam – within which the death penalty for apostasy is practiced as one of the characteristics of Medina ideal – and, by adopting Tibi’s term, dismisses their attempts of revival of Prophet Muhammad’s time as “the invention of tradition”. Relying on progressive Islamic thought, the author approaches this problematics from two directions: first, through examination of the death penalty sources in Islam: Qur’an and the tradition of Prophet Muhammad, and second, through dismissal of the death penalty for apostasy as a practice which is contradictory to the idea of human rights.

Keywords
Islam; Human Rights; Death Penalty; Apostasy; Sharia Law

Hrčak ID: 237646

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/237646