Sve objave od ADMIN JAŠARAGIĆ

Political Economy in Leviathan: Hobbes, Macpherson and Strpić

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.2.06

Luka Ribarević ; Faculty of Political Science Zagreb

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (361 KB) pages 127-148 cite

Abstracts
Thomas Hobbes plays a major role in Commodity Production and Associated Labour in Marx’s Critique of Political Economy, a seminal study of the development of political economy written by Dag Strpić. According to Strpić, Hobbes established a new methodological and categorial framework for the understanding of the political community in modernity. Departing in that respect from the vast majority of interpretations of Hobbes’ philosophia civilis, Strpić reads Hobbes not only as the founder of modern political theory, but of classical political economy as well. In the article the political-economic aspect of Hobbes’ science of politics is examined through a critical analysis of the dialogue Strpić engages in with the influential interpretation of C. B. Macpherson. Although Strpić adopts important elements of said interpretation, he at the same time deviates from Macpherson’s understanding of Leviathan. On such a backdrop the author proposes to determine the scope and limitations of political-economic reading of Hobbes, characteristic of both Strpić and Macpherson.

Keywords
Thomas Hobbes; C. B. Macpherson; Dag Strpić; Leviathan; State of Nature; the State; Civil Society; Sovereignty; Power; Labour; Property; Capitalism; Bourgeois Society

Hrčak ID: 244413

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/244413

Political Economy and the Critique of Social Contract Theory in Hegel’s Philosophy of Right

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.2.05

Domagoj Vujeva ; Faculty of Political Science Zagreb

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (328 KB) pages 107-126 cite

Abstracts
The author deals with Hegel’s reception of political economy in the Philosophy of Right, showing that reception to be decisive for the development of Hegel’s legal and political philosophy and its mature form, but also for his understanding of the modern natural law tradition and the theory of social contract. Relying on the findings of Dag Strpić, the author argues that Hegel considered “civil society” to be the place of realization of the contractual idea of the state. The “laws” immanent to modern market economy, which were “discovered” by political economy, make in Hegel’s view contractual constitution of the state superfluous and provide at the same time the internal measure for the critique of the contractual theory. This, however, does not mean that Hegel accepts the social model of classical political economy, nor its understanding of the relation between the state and society. He questions its central assumption on the self-regulatory capacity of the market, for which reason he finds necessary the regulation of the market by the state. In the final analysis, as it is shown, the “universality” of civil society is grounded in the “universality” of the political state, which is a higher level of actualization of human freedom than civil society.

Keywords
Hegel; Political Economy; Strpić; Social Contract

Hrčak ID: 244412

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/244412

Along the Steep Pathways of Political Scientist Dag Strpić in the Reading of Marx

Review article
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.2.04

Dragutin Lalović ; Faculty of Political Science Zagreb

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (413 KB) pages 72-106 cite

Abstracts
The text delineates and evaluates the principal features of the scientific approach, mode of argumentation and the possible scope of Strpić’s theoretical legacy in terms of research and analysis as well as the development of society in general. In particular, the focus is on his fundamental research of Marx’s epochal critique of political economy, presented primarily in the book Commodity Production and Associated Labour in Marx’s Critique of Political Economy (2017/1991). First of all, an account is given of Strpić’s initial programme of research into contemporary Marxian completing and developing of Marx’s “Critique” (1981/1982). The central point of the exposé is a concise overview of the main elements of Strpić’s reading of Marx’s critique of political economy. The first element is an evaluation of Marx’s reception Politička misao, god. 57, br. 2, 2020, str. 72-106 106 of classical British political theory and political economy, and of the reception of this legacy in Hegel’s philosophy. The second is a reconstruction of the logic of Marx’s apparatus of categories as the abstract sphere of “capital in general”, in distinction to the concrete sphere of competition between “many capitals”, and, within that field of research, an adequate definition of “commodity in general” as a logical starting point of the entire theoretical system and of value as law of fluctuation of market prices. Thirdly, it is apt to approach The Capital from the dynamic perspective of the theory of societal cycles and cyclical development; the tendency laws of historical development of capitalist accumulation must lead to the understanding of the structure of capital as a social process of production, circulation and reproduction. The fourth element is differentiation between the Marxian (scientific and critical) and the Marxist (ideological and class-based) approaches to the critique of political economy. This is followed by a detailed account and critical evaluation of Strpić’s intriguing view on the duality of classical political theories, which, in his judgment, is manifest as a distinction between Machiavelli’s “politicology”, which perceives politics in terms of power and ruling, and Hobbes’s “politology”, as systematic science of the civil community (Common-wealth). This then is the basis of an inquiry into Strpić’s Hobbesian politological understanding of Marx. In the final section, an attempt is made to discern the reasons for Marx’s failure to finish the project of political economy critique, which is why his interpreters are faced with almost insurmountable theoretical obstacles in their effort to develop Marx’s scientific legacy into a possible foundation of contemporary theoretical and empirical research of the major problems of our time.

Keywords
Critique of Political Economy; Political Science; Marxism; Marx; Hobbes; Strpić

Hrčak ID: 244409

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/244409

Contemporary Scientific Relevance of Marx’s Analysis of Capital

Review article
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.2.03

Zdravko Petak ; Faculty of Political Science Zagreb

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (323 KB) pages 56-71 cite

Abstracts
The paper discusses the relevance of Marx’s analysis of capital and the manner in which that contribution is presented in the book on Marx’s critique of political economy written by Dag Strpić. At the beginning of the paper, the author indicates some elements of the general theoretical framework within which Strpić formulated his research on Marx’s critique of political economy. The paper raises two fundamental questions concerning Marx’s critique of political economy: 1. Can a fundamental starting point be drawn from Marx’s theoretical framework for understanding the importance of institutions in the economic process, as seen by the representatives of old and new institutionalism in political economy? 2. Can a unique explanation of economic crises be derived from reading Marx’s categorical apparatus? The answer to the first question shows that there are certain similarities between Marx’s approach and the approach advocated by economic institutionalists, but also there exist significant differences between the two approaches. The answer to the second question shows that Marx did not develop a unique theory of crises, since there are arguments indicating the existence of two or three different crisis theories which can be found in his work. After that, the author shows, using most general terms, that Marx’s critique of political economy is primarily situated by his attitude towards the classical school, but that it also has some potential to correspond with modern economics. The author shows that the direction of correspondence refers primarily to the explanation of fundamental tendencies in the development of the capitalist system. The conclusion of the paper reviews some of Strpić’s fundamental contributions to political economy.

Keywords
Marx’s Critique of Political Economy; Institutionalism in Political Economy; Marx’s Theory of Crisis; Marx and Modern Economics; Strpić

Hrčak ID: 244408

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/244408

Development of Macroeconomics and the Resolutive-Compositive Method

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.2.02

Josip Lučev ; Faculty of Political Science Zagreb

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (406 KB) pages 31-55 cite

Abstracts
The objective of this text is to demonstrate the plausibility of the use of the Hobbesian resolutiv e compositive method as a base for analysis of the history of modern economic thought, and particularly of macroeconomics. Firstly, the importance of the resolutive-compositive method for the works of Dag Strpić is explained. Secondly, the text shows the basic tenets of stylized shifts in economic paradigms (neoclassical economics – Keynesian economics – free-market paradigm) which are reinterpreted here as resolution-composition- reresolution. An interpretation of the intellectual history “after Hayek” is also offered, focusing on Keynesian macroeconomics based on aggregates. The text then explains neoclassical synthesis and the elementary methodological dilemmas it represented through its long integration of Keynes into the mainstream (including the choice of aggregates or aggregated individuals as the basis of macroeconomics). The text follows the complementary relationship of the effects of long-run analysis, the assumption of rationality and optimal free-market results. The state of the economic mainstream at the end of Lučev, J., Razvoj makroekonomije i rezolutivno-kompozitivna metoda 55 the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century is then shown – particularly the Lucasian methodological upgrade of Friedman’s ideas and the developed form of this conceptual framework within the Real Business Cycles theory. The renewed dominance of the resolutive element (free-market paradigm) – constituting the idea of a self-regulating market around the perfectly rational individual – leads us into a challenging situation. The reduction to a perfectly rational individual (resolutive maneuver) should not constitute a larger (compositive) whole if such a reduction is unrealistic to an extent that dramatically limits the very usefulness of the theory. Therefore, the conclusion raises the question of applying this idea of predicting crises and formulating responses to them.

Keywords
Macroeconomics; History of Economic Analysis; Rationality; Aggregation Problem; Resolutive-Compositive Method; Strpić

Hrčak ID: 244406

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/244406

Political-Economic Marginalia on the Reception of Marx in the XXI Century

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.2.01

Bogomir Kovač ; University of Ljubljana, School of Economics and Business

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (342 KB) pages 13-30 cite

Abstracts
In Strpić’s book on Marx’s critique of political economy, the analysis of political and economic reception of Marx serves as starting point for the author’s assignment of contemporary position and relevance of Marx’s analysis. Both actualization and return to Marx always occur in the times of crisis, therefore his intellectual fate depends on changes within contemporary capitalism and its alternatives. In Marx’s analysis, the paradox of theoretical incompleteness stems from his aim for ideal epistemology of capitalism, which is also present in later Marxist interpretations, even Strpić’s. The contemporary problem of Marx lies in the metaphysics of theory of value and in the whole structure of commodity production, which prevents ontological transition of value, capital and capitalism. His approach is physiocratic more than it is pecuniary, and more economic than it is political. This is why Jacques Bidet’s reconstruction of Marx in the terms of modernity is based on “metastructure”, which is a universal politically legal point that is not present within Marx’s critique of political economy. Such a different approach presupposes understanding capitalism as inherently a political project. As it is proven by the author, political capitalism is not a special form of capitalism, nor it is historically connected with contemporary capitalism of the 21st century (in China and elsewhere), but is moreover its universal historical form. Marx’s critique of political economy turns out to be contemporary precisely at this overlooked point of his analysis. Political capitalism as “capitalism in general” demonstrates its relevance in the analysis of contemporary crises, which are not just politicaleconomic, but also ecological and even pandemic. In a series of crises of political capitalism we are faced with a choice between real autocratic “barbaric capitalism” and more utopic “cosmopolitan” eco-socialism.

Keywords
Capitalism; Commodity Production; Critique of Political Economy; Eco-Socialism; Marx; Strpić

Hrčak ID: 244403

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/244403

Politička ekonomija u Levijatanu: Hobbes, Macpherson i Strpić

Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.2.06

Luka Ribarević ; Fakultet političkih znanosti, Sveučilište u Zagrebu

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (361 KB) str. 127-148 citiraj

Sažetak
U magistralnoj studiji razvoja klasične političke ekonomije Robna proizvodnja i udruženi rad u Marxovoj kritici političke ekonomije Daga Strpića veoma važno mjesto zauzima Thomas Hobbes. Prema Strpiću Hobbes uspostavlja novi metodološki i kategorijalni okvir za razumijevanje političke zajednice u moderni. Za razliku od velike većine interpretacija Hobbesove philosophiae civilis Strpić Hobbesa ne čita samo kao utemeljitelja moderne političke teorije, nego i klasične političke ekonomije. U tekstu se političko-ekonomski aspekt Hobbesove znanosti o politici razmatra posredstvom kritičke analize dijaloga koji Strpić vodi s utjecajnim tumačenjem C. B. Macphersona. Strpić usvaja bitne elemente Macphersonove interpretacije fokusirane na e konomske pretpostavke Hobbesova političkog mišljenja, ali istovremeno odstupa od njegova razumijevanja Levijatana. Na toj se pozadini nastoji utvrditi spoznajne domete i ograničenja političko-ekonomskog čitanja Hobbesa koje dijele Strpić i Macpherson.

Ključne riječi
Thomas Hobbes; C. B. Macpherson; Dag Strpić; Levijatan; prirodno stanje; država; građansko društvo; suverenost; moć; rad; vlasništvo; kapitalizam; buržoasko društvo

Hrčak ID: 244413

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/244413

Politička ekonomija i kritika teorije društvenog ugovora u Hegelovoj Filozofiji prava

Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.2.05

Domagoj Vujeva ; Fakultet političkih znanosti, Sveučilište u Zagrebu

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (328 KB) str. 107-126 citiraj

Sažetak
Autor tematizira recepciju političke ekonomije u Hegelovoj Filozofiji prava. Ta je recepcija bila presudna za razvoj Hegelove pravno-političke filozofije i njenu zrelu formulaciju, ali je istovremeno njome posredovan i Hegelov odnos prema modernom prirodnom pravu i ugovornoj političkoj teoriji. Oslanjajući se na Strpićeve nalaze, autor pokazuje kako je mjestom realizacije ugovornog modela države Hegel smatrao građansko društvo. Zakonitosti imanentne modernoj tržišnoj ekonomiji, koje je “otkrila” politička ekonomija, prema Hegelovu sudu čine izlišnim ugovornu konstituciju države, ali i predstavljaju unutarnju mjeru kritike ugovorne teorije. To međutim ne znači da Hegel prihvaća model društva klasične političke ekonomije niti njeno razumijevanje odnosa države i društva. On dovodi u pitanje prije svega njenu središnju pretpostavku o sposobnosti tržišta za samoregulaciju, zbog čega smatra nužnom državnu regulaciju tržišta. U posljednjoj analizi pokazuje se kako je “općenitost” građanskog društva utemeljena u “općenitosti” političke države, koja predstavlja viši stupanj ozbiljenja čovjekove slobode.

Ključne riječi
Hegel; politička ekonomija; Strpić; društveni ugovor

Hrčak ID: 244412

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/244412