Sve objave od admin Jašaragić

Contemporary Public Policy Processes: How to Research Policy Transfer?

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.55.1.05

Marjeta Šinko ; Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Zagreb, Croatia

Fulltext: english, pdf (370 KB) pages 122-122 cite
Fulltext: croatian, pdf (370 KB) pages 96-121 cite

Abstracts
From the second half of the twentieth century policy scholars are increasingly devoting their attention to the transference of policy from one political jurisdiction to another. Concepts such as policy diffusion, convergence and transfer are being used to elucidate the modern-day policy process. Policy transfer, the youngest of these approaches, has been gaining momentum from the second half of the nineties and has grown into a respectable, widely cited and used research frame. This article is a historical account of policy transfer research. In addition to examining the evolution of similar approaches (diffusion, convergence, and transfer), the original systematization and demarcation of different studies is offered. The paper concludes with the insight that policy transfer studies are distinctive in relation to convergence and diffusion studies. They are characterized by an analytical focus on processes, on understanding of policy actors’ actions, on qualitative methodology, and using small samples. The paper concludes that policy transfer studies are an excellent heuristic tool because they enable a multidimensional research of the policy process.

Keywords
Public Policies; Transfer; Diffusion; Convergence; Policy Change

Hrčak ID: 196788

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/196788

Suvremeni procesi stvaranja javnih politika: kako istraživati transfer?

Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.55.1.05

Marjeta Šinko ; Fakultet političkih znanosti, Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (370 KB) str. 96-121 citiraj
Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (370 KB) str. 122-122 citiraj

Sažetak
Istraživači javnih politika od druge polovice 20. stoljeća sve više analitičke pažnje posvećuju prijenosu javnih politika iz jednog političkog djelokruga u drugi. Pritom se koriste konceptima poput difuzije, konvergencije i transfera javnih politika. Transfer javnih politika, najmlađi od navedenih pristupa, dobiva na zamahu nakon druge polovice devedesetih godina prošlog stoljeća te je u posljednjih dvadeset godina izrastao u respektabilan, naveliko citiran I korišten istraživački pristup. Ovaj se rad može shvatiti kao historijat istraživanja prijenosa javnih politika između političkih djelokruga. Pored pregleda evolucije pristupa ponudit će se i izvorna sistematizacija i demarkacija različitih studija. Rad se zaključuje uvidom kako su studije transfera distinktivne u odnosu na studije konvergencije i difuzije. Odlikuje ih procesni analitički fokus, usmjerenost na razumijevanje djelovanja aktera, kvalitativna metodologija te korištenje malih uzoraka. U radu se zastupa mišljenje kako su studije transfera javnih politika izvrstan heuristički alat jer omogućuju multidimenzionalno istraživanje procesa stvaranja javnih politika.

Ključne riječi
javne politike; transfer; difuzija; konvergencija; promjena javnih politika

Hrčak ID: 196788

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/196788

Variable Reality of the Western Balkans in the Context of the European Integration

Review article
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.55.1.03

Aleksandar Andrija Pejović ; Faculty of Law, University of Belgrade, Serbia

Fulltext: english, pdf (334 KB) pages 95-95 cite
Fulltext: croatian, pdf (334 KB) pages 74-94 cite

Abstracts
This article deals with the future of the Western Balkans in the light of a number of different factors that are not solely and purely connected to the countries of the region. Although the very process of integration into the EU is predominantly dependant on the readiness and the ability of the candidate and potential candidate countries to implement all the needed reforms, transpose the acquis and achieve the so-called European standard in legislation and in practice, the process is not being conducted in a vacuum. First of all, we should bear in mind that the development of the situation within the EU shall have crucial impact on the speed, depth and quality of the entrance of the remaining Balkan countries into the Union. Apart from that, we cannot ignore the influences of the third actors, which have become more visible and acute in the region. The EU and its Member States are the ones that define and set up the rules, therefore they bear most of the responsibility for the Enlargement Policy. Laggardness in reforms, EU crisis management, a stronger or weaker role of the third actors – all this shall determine what kind of process of European integration we shall have in the next years, and in line with it, the manner in which the process shall influence the stability and future of the enlargement countries. In this context, the Western Balkans simultaneously lives in variable realities that bring different outcomes and possibilities. This article, apart from the presentation of the situation in the Western Balkans, offers possible scenarios for the future.

Keywords
European Union; Enlargement Policy; Western Balkans; Third Actors; European integration

Hrčak ID: 196785

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/196785

Varijabilna realnost Zapadnog Balkana u kontekstu evropske integracije

Pregledni rad
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.55.1.03

Aleksandar Andrija Pejović ; Pravni fakultet, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Srbija

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (334 KB) str. 74-94 citiraj
Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (334 KB) str. 95-95 citiraj

Sažetak
Budućnost Zapadnog Balkana u svjetlu evropske integracije umnogome počiva na nizu različitih faktora koji nijesu dominantno i jedino vezani za same države ovog regiona. Iako sam proces integracije u EU presudno zavisi od spremnosti i sposobnosti država kandidata i potencijalnih kandidata da sprovedu sve potrebne reforme, transponuju pravnu tekovinu i ostvare tzv. evropski standard u zakonodavstvu i u praksi, on se ne odvija u vakuumu. Prije svega treba imati na umu da će razvoj situacije unutar Evropske unije imati značajnog uticaja na brzinu, dubinu i kvalitet ulaska preostalih balkanskih zemalja u Uniju. Evropska unija odnosno njezine države članice su te koje određuju i postavljaju pravila, te i snose najveću odgovornost za politiku proširenja. Pored toga ne smiju se zanemariti ni uticaji trećih strana koji su sve primjetniji i akutniji u regionu. Usporavanje reformi, evropsko upravljanje krizama, pojačana ili slabija uloga trećih aktera, sve to će bitno odrediti kakav proces evrointegracije predstoji u narednim godinama te, u skladu s time, i način na koji će on uticati na stabilnost i budućnost samih zemalja proširenja. U tom smislu, Zapadni Balkan istovremeno živi u promjenljivim stvarnostima koje donose različite ishode i mogućnosti. Ovaj članak, pored pregleda stanja na Zapadnom Balkanu, stoga daje i moguće scenarije za budući period.

Ključne riječi
Evropska unija; Politika proširenja; Zapadni Balkan; treći akteri; Evropske integracije

Hrčak ID: 196785

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/196785

Social Status of Women in Croatia: Woman and Family 1999-2016

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.55.1.04

Smiljana Leinert Novosel ; Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Zagreb, Croatia

Fulltext: english, pdf (1 MB) pages 73-73 cite
Fulltext: croatian, pdf (1 MB) pages 53-72 cite

Abstracts
The conducted longitudinal research (1999-2016) about young, educated examinees’ perception on changes in typical women and men roles showed a high degree of egalitarism in the Croatian public sphere, controlled by different kinds of profession and role characteristics. On the other hand, in the private sphere, it was shown that women today have an even more difficult role in the family than before – women again play their traditional roles, such as taking care of children and the elderly, taking them to doctors, taking part in parents’ meetings in schools. Men tend to help them in their housework, but participate less in activities connected to children, their education and upbringing. This increases men’s chance in employment and professional development. Consequently, women still dominantly spend their free time on family matters and taking care of their personal appearance, unlike men, who spend their free time mostly on themselves. Although typical modern family and egalitarian relations are still an ideal for the young, the practice is a bit different than in 1999. The continuation of cumulating roles for women, the modern and traditional ones, without redistribution, raises the question whether traditional understandings or “traditionalities of necessity” are strengthened in response to leaving the responsibility for organization of family life exclusively to individuals.

Keywords
Gender Equality; Students; Female and Male Roles; Family; Society

Hrčak ID: 196782

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/196782

Društveni položaj žena u Republici Hrvatskoj: žena i obitelj (1999. – 2016.)

Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.55.1.04

Smiljana Leinert Novosel ; Fakultet političkih znanosti, Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (1 MB) str. 53-72 citiraj
Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (1 MB) str. 73-73 citiraj

Sažetak
Longitudinalno istraživanje percepcije mladih, obrazovanih ispitanika o promjenama uloga žena i muškaraca u Hrvatskoj (1999. – 2016.) ukazuje na visoki stupanj postignute egalitarnosti u sferi javnosti, “izvan doma” (kontrolirano kroz vrste zanimanja i karakter uloga). U privatnoj sferi, “u domu”, postoji stagnacija, čak pogoršanje ženinog položaja u obitelji – nalazi govore o “vraćanju” patrijarhalnih modela rodnih uloga, posebice onih vezanih uz odgoj djece i brigu za starije članove te kućanske obaveze. Očekuje se da se žene više nego prije, iako rade, brinu oko odgoja djece, vode djecu liječniku, odlaze na roditeljske sastanke, brinu za starije, dok im se u kućanskim poslovima postupno pridružuju i muškarci; oni manje participiraju u aktivnostima oko djece (ranije je bio pozitivan trend), što muškarcima povećava šanse u vezi sa zaposlenošću i profesionalnim razvojem. Tome u prilog svjedoči i različita struktura korištenja slobodnog vremena – žene ga još uvijek dominantno posvećuju obitelji, ponešto brizi za osobni izgled, a muškarci sebi (informiranje, napredovanje). Iako mladima ideal ostaje moderna obitelj i egalitarni odnosi na svim razinama, praksa se zasad od toga udaljava u odnosu na 1999. Nastavak kumulacije uloga za žene, onih modernih i tradicionalnih, bez preraspodjele, dovodi do pitanja jačaju li tradicionalna shvaćanja ili se radi o “tradicionalnosti iz nužde” kao odgovoru na prepuštanje odgovornosti za organizaciju obiteljskog života isključivo pojedincima.

Ključne riječi
rodna ravnopravnost; studenti; uloge žena i muškaraca; obitelj; društvo

Hrčak ID: 196782

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/196782

Out of Socialism into Nationalism: Borovo Factory in 1990 Political Changes

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.55.1.02

Vladimir Filipović ; Libertas International University, Zagreb, Croatia

Fulltext: english, pdf (334 KB) pages 52-52 cite
Fulltext: croatian, pdf (334 KB) pages 34-52 cite

Abstracts
The article analyzes the situation in the footwear factory Borovo in the times of democratic changes in 1990. At the end of the 1980s the factory found itself in a serious crisis, mostly due to structural problems. Furthermore, strikes and conflicts of different levels of authority for custody over the factory were very frequent. First multiparty elections brought completely new political circumstances in the factory environment. However, in the factory there was still the same management as in the old system. In the article we examine, based on the example of the so-called June-strike of workers in 1990, to what extent the same socialist practice was still actual, that is, how the workers were offered a new framework of collective illusion, instead of making them face real problems. At the same time, the hard position of workers in Borovo was a “fertile ground” for nationalistic ideas. Based on the mentioned examples, we analyze the thesis about coalitio n of socialist elites and the working class by means of buying social peace. Furthermore, we analyze the thesis about nationalism as a new “collective mantle” which substitutes socialism. Finally, we examine to what extent democratic changes were truly a process of democratization rather than efforts of new actors to take over the position in society that was held by the Communist Party in the previous period.

Keywords
Borovo Factory; Vukovar; HDZ; Strike; Nationalism; Socialism

Hrčak ID: 196779

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/196779

Iz socijalizma u nacionalizam: Kombinat Borovo u političkim promjenama 1990.

Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.55.1.02

Vladimir Filipović ; Libertas međunarodno sveučilište, Zagreb, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (334 KB) str. 34-52 citiraj
Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (334 KB) str. 52-52 citiraj

Sažetak
U članku se analizira situacija u tvornici obuće u Borovu u vrijeme demokratskih promjena 1990. Tvornica se krajem osamdesetih godina nalazi u ozbiljnoj krizi, ponajviše zbog strukturnih problema. Osim toga, učestali su štrajkovi i sukobi različitih nivoa vlasti oko nadzora nad tvornicom. Prvi višestranački izbori donose potpuno nove političke okolnosti u okruženju tvornice, dok u samoj tvornici neko vrijeme opstaju upravljačke strukture iz starog sustava. Na primjeru tzv. lipanjskog štrajka radnika 1990. u članku se pokušava prikazati koliko je socijalistička praksa i dalje bila aktualna, odnosno kako se radnicima umjesto suočavanja s problemima pokušava ponuditi novi kolektivistički okvir iluzije. U isto vrijeme prikazuje se kako je teška situacija radnika u kombinatu Borovo bila plodno tlo za širenje nacionalističkih teza. Na navedenim primjerima pokušava se analizirati teza o koaliciji socijalističke elite i radništva kroz kupovinu socijalnog mira, zatim teza o nacionalizmu kao novom “kolektivnom plaštu” koji je zamijenio socijalizam te, konačno, pokušava se propitati koliko su demokratske promjene u slučaju Borova bile zaista proces demokratizacije, a koliko nastojanja novih aktera da zauzmu mjesto u društvu koje je do tada imao Savez komunista.

Ključne riječi
Kombinat Borovo; Vukovar; HDZ; štrajk; nacionalizam; socijalizam

Hrčak ID: 196779

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/196779

Genocide in the Independent State of Croatia (NDH): Belittling, Banalizing and Denying Crime

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.55.1.01

Mirjana Kasapović ; Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Zagreb, Croatia

Fulltext: english, pdf (359 KB) pages 33-33 cite
Fulltext: croatian, pdf (359 KB) pages 7-32 cite

Abstracts
This article analyses the revisionist currents in Croatian contemporary historiography – and implicitly also in politics – which in its focus has interpretation of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH, 1941-1945). Three main elements of the revisionist narative are: a) NDH was just a normal state concerned with rebellion in its own territory, rather than the state which used state terror to exterminate religious and ethnic communities marked as its “natural and organic enemies”. In other words, it only applied limited and legitimate instruments to protect itself from its political opponents. b) There were no massive crimes, and especially no genocide, neither against the Serbs, nor Jewish or Roma population. On the contrary, the main victims in 1941-1945 had been Croats, and thus the crimes of NDH should be de-Serbianized and de-Jewisized. c) Jasenovac was only a labour camp and prison, not a concentration death camp. The NDH used it for gathering and arresting its political opponents in order to prevent them from pursuing their destructive actions against the state. The real death camp in Jasenovac was formed only in 1945 by post-NDH communist authorities. By deconstructing what they call the “Jasenovac myth”, the revisionists are in fact trying to deconstruct “the myth of genocide by NDH”, and thus to rehabilitate the NDH either completely or partially.

Keywords
Independent State of Croatia (NDH); Jasenovac; Ustashas; Genocide; Historical Revisionism

Hrčak ID: 196775

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/196775

Genocid u NDH: Umanjivanje, banaliziranje i poricanje zločina

Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.55.1.01

Mirjana Kasapović ; Fakultet političkih znanosti, Sveučilište u Zagrebu, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (359 KB) str. 7-32 citiraj
Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (359 KB) str. 33-33 citiraj

Sažetak
U tekstu se razmatra revizionistička struja u suvremenoj hrvatskoj historiografiji, a posredno i u politici, koja se bavi Nezavisnom Državom Hrvatskom (1941-1945). Revizionistički narativ čine tri glavne postavke: (a) NDH je bila normalna onodobna protupobunjenička država koja nije koristila državni teror kako bi uništila vjerske i etničke zajednice koje su u ustaškoj ideologiji i politici bile određene kao prirodni ili organski neprijatelji te tvorevine, nego je primjenjivala ograničena legitimna sredstva borbe da bi se zaštitila od političkih pobunjenika; (b) u NDH nisu izvršeni masovni zločini, a kamoli genocid, ni nad Srbima, ni nad Židovima, ni nad Romima; štoviše, glavne žrtve bili su Hrvati te zločine NDH treba desrbizirati i dejudeizirati; (c) logor Jasenovac bio je samo radni i sabirni logor, a ne koncentracijski logor smrti, u koji je NDH privodila političke protivnike kako bi se zaštitila od njihova razornog djelovanja, a ne kako bi ih ubijala; pravi smrtonosni logor u Jasenovcu osnovala je tek jugoslavenska komunistička vlast poslije svršetka Drugoga svjetskog rata. Pokušavajući dekonstruirati “jasenovački mit”, revizionisti zapravo nastoje dekonstruirati “mit o genocidu” u NDH, a time potpuno ili djelomice rehabilitirati NDH.

Ključne riječi
NDH; Jasenovac; ustaštvo; genocid; historijski revizionizam

Hrčak ID: 196775

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/196775