Arhive kategorije: Sažetak

Construction of the Geopolitical Space of the Geopolitics of the Sea in the Context of Establishing the International Legal Framework

Original scientific paper

Ado Kulović ; Center for International Politics, Sarajevo

Fulltext: english, pdf (325 KB) pages 28-29 cite
Fulltext: bosnian, pdf (325 KB) pages 7-28 cite

Abstracts
This paper aims at defining the concept of “geopolitical space of the geopolitics of the Sea” and it analyses the way it is constructed. Given that the notion of geopolitical space in the general sense has been largely neglected in contemporary geopolitical theory, this is not a simple task. The paper deals with a physical space of the World Sea and utilizes the theory of modern human geography in which space is understood as a product of human activity. We argue that there is a significant connection between geopolitics of the Sea and the academic discipline of the International Law of the Sea. This link is taken as the basis for the discussion regarding geopolitical space, which encompasses three teleological elements: the fulfillment of the paper’s main objective; the argument regarding the connection of Geopolitics of the Sea with the International Law; and, finally, presenting the political science context of the codification of the modern International Law of the Sea. By using earlier studies, the paper analyses the geopolitical space through ideas of construction within dichotomy, as well as through the process of establishing a community within the international framework. The paper also offers our own theory according to which the geopolitical space is the space of manifestation of geopolitical phenomena.

Keywords
Geopolitics, Geopolitics of the Sea, Geopolitical Space, World Ocean, International Law of the Sea

Hrčak ID: 186447

URI
http://hrcak.srce.hr/186447

Facebook

European Economic and Social Committee: House of Cards or Civil Society Fortress?

Review article

Mario Munta ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb

Fulltext: english, pdf (347 KB) pages 63-63 cite
Fulltext: croatian, pdf (347 KB) pages 30-62 cite

Abstracts
This article attempts to clarify the modalities and degree to which advisory bodies, exemplified by The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), are capable of contributing to European Union (EU) governance processes and legitimacy-building in a meaningful manner. Besides acknowledging their contribution via provision of information and technical expertise, serious inquiries into the mechanisms through which EU advisory bodies operate are scarce. In that sense, this paper strives to elucidate the added value of the EESC. The author applies discursive institutionalism and legitimacy taxonomies to explain the functional development and character of the EESC. The paper concludes that the EESC seems to have focused to a lesser extent on influencing EU legislative initiative (dominantly on the public policy items in which the EESC disposes of the highest specific expertise, and administrative/ideational capacities), and more on promoting itself as the bridgehead of organised civil society in the EU. It does so through its deliberative working methods and by detecting topical niches through which the EESC specializes in building civil society, mediating between civil society organisations (CSOs) and the EU, and nurturing decent relationships with CSOs on Member State, candidate country and third country levels. Finally, a novel window of opportunity has opened for the EESC to transmit the voice of civil society to the EU level and to influence EU socio-economic governance, namely through the procedures of the so-called European Semester.

Keywords
European Economic and Social Committee, Civil Society, European Union, Advisory Bodies, European Legislation

Hrčak ID: 186448

URI
http://hrcak.srce.hr/186448

Facebook

Intra-party Democracy in Croatia: The Power(lessness) of Ordinary Members in the Process of Party Policy-Making

Original scientific paper

Kristina Ćelap ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb
Dario Nikić Čakar ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb

Fulltext: english, pdf (662 KB) pages 107-107 cite
Fulltext: croatian, pdf (662 KB) pages 80-107 cite

Abstracts
The paper presents a contemporary study on intra-party democracy in Croatia and offers an analysis of the participation of ordinary members in the internal policy-making processes. Formal and actual participation of ordinary members in the Croatian parties are explored in order to get an insight of the intra-party distribution of power. The study included eight parties: HDZ, HNS, HSU, HSS, HSLS, IDS, Most and SDP in the period following the 2016 general elections. In the first stage, party statutes were analyzed, while in the second stage interviews were conducted with high-ranking party officials. Results show that the level of intra-party democracy and participation of ordinary members in the decision-making process on party policies is exceptionally low. The analysis also revealed a high level of concentration of power in the hands of a small circle of people gathered around the party president in almost all relevant political parties.

Keywords
Intra-party Democracy, Policy-making, Participation, Party Membership, Croatia

Hrčak ID: 186453

URI
http://hrcak.srce.hr/186453

Facebook

Third Media Sector from the Perspective of Democratically Engaged Audiences

Original scientific paper

Dina Vozab ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb
Zrinjka Peruško ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb
Antonija Čuvalo ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb

Fulltext: english, pdf (1 MB) pages 132-132 cite
Fulltext: croatian, pdf (1 MB) pages 108-131 cite

Abstracts
Although non-profit or third-sector media are recently a contentious and widely discussed issue in Croatia, there is hardly any knowledge about the audiences of non-profit media and their relationship towards democratic politics. Theoretical framing of the normative role of non-profit media in democracy preceeds the empirical analysis of its role for the audiences in Croatia. The size and characteristics of non-profit media audiences are described and these audiences are compared to mainstream media audiences in terms of political interest, political information consumption, trust in the media, political efficacy and political participation. Analysis is based on data gathered through survey of a representative sample of Internet users in Croatia (N=1208). Descriptive, regression, and latent class analysis showed that 26% of Internet users follow non-profit media and that non-profit media audiences in Croatia have higher political interest, political efficacy, inform themselves more and engage more in politics. Audiences of non-profit media do not differ significantly in overall media consumption and trust in the media in comparison with the mainstream media audiences. The results have implications about the democratic potential of third-sector media in Croatia, and provide insights into a possible shape of polarization of online audiences.

Keywords
Non-Profit Media, Third Media Sector, Community Media, Media Policy, Media Audiences

Hrčak ID: 186455

URI
http://hrcak.srce.hr/186455

Facebook

Multilevel Modeling of the Egalitarian Syndrome: Introducing a Brief SEMA-5 Scale

Original scientific paper

Ivan Rimac ; Faculty of Law, University of Zagreb
Ivan Burić ; Division of Communication Studies, University Department for Croatian Studies, University of Zagreb
Aleksandar Štulhofer ; Department of Sociology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb

Fulltext: english, pdf (295 KB) pages 79-79 cite
Fulltext: croatian, pdf (295 KB) pages 64-79 cite

Abstracts
The Egalitarian Syndrome theory (Županov, 1970) was recently operationalized and tested using county-level development indices (Štulhofer and Burić, 2015; Burić and Štulhofer, 2016). To address whether the popular support for radical egalitarian attitudes can be better explained by pointing to the persistence of agrarian norms – as originally suggested by Josip Županov – or to the costs of post-communist transition, another recent paper employed a historical county-level analysis (Vuković, Štulhofer, and Burić, 2017). Stronger evidence was found in favor of the first than the second explanation. This study re-assessed the evidence using a more comprehensive and statistically robust approach (multilevel modeling). In addition to corroborating the evidence supporting the persistence of agrarian norms hypothesis, the authors present a brief 5-item measure of egalitarian syndrome (SEMA-5) as an analytical tool suitable for a wide range of social science surveys.

Keywords
Egalitarian Syndrome, Josip Županov, SEMA-5, Validation, Methodology

Hrčak ID: 186451

URI
http://hrcak.srce.hr/186451

Facebook