Arhiva kategorije: Sažetak

THE ANALYSIS OF EMOTIONS IN SURVIVORS’ TESTIMONIES ON SUMMER OF 1941 IN CONCENTRATION CAMPS GOSPIĆ-JADOVNO-PAG

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.56.2.05

Igor Drvendžija ; Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb
Vinko Drača ; Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (363 KB) pages 116-144 cite

Abstracts
In this paper the authors analyze the emotions of survivors of the camp system Gospić-Jadovno-Pag, where people of Serb and Jewish ethnic descent were murdered during the summer of 1941, as well as communists and other political enemies of the ustashi regime. The approach to the study of emotions is based on the eyewitness accounts published by the historian Đuro Zatezalo. The paper starts with an analysis of the emotions in history with a particular emphasis on the testimonies of survivors as a distinctive and extremely important source in the studies of the Holocaust and genocide. Afterwards, the authors examine the intentions of those who collected the testimonies, as well as memories and emotions as aspects which a historian who researches testimonies ought to have in mind. A description of the impact of race laws issued by the Independent State of Croatia is provided together with an overview of the history of the camp system Gospić-Jadovno-Pag, followed by an analysis of the emotives expressed in the testimonies, with the focus on the emotions of fear, anxiety, hope and joy. The relation between recollection and emotions is also discussed, in addition to the way in which the flow of time can alter the intensity and the contents of emotion, which can provide a valuable methodological insight to the researchers focusing on the history of genocide and oral history.

Keywords
Independent State of Croatia; Jadovno; Civilian Casualties of Second World War; Emotions; Testimonies

Hrčak ID: 226347

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/226347

POLITICS AND THEATER AS GUARDIANS OF A COMMON WORLD

Review article
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.56.2.04

Bojan Kovačević ; Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Belgrade, Serbia

Fulltext: serbian, pdf (367 KB) pages 87-115 cite

Abstracts
In this paper the author claims that the history of European drama and theater contains an original answer to the classical political question of relation between an order and change. The theater’s fundamental goal is preservation of a common world in the absence of which the theater itself becomes meaningless. Confronting us at first with the abyss of searching for the meaning of life, the great dramatists than help us return to the normality by providing us with an answer whispered in their ear by the spiritual, historic and political circumstances of their age. Those among them aiming to preserve the existing order, such as Aeschylus, Molière and Racine, artistically revealed to the audiences the order’s grounding idea. For others, such as Goethe and Schiller, whose artistic genius recognized in the history signs of a development towards a republic of autonomous citizens, theater was a place for esthetic education of an elite expected to accelerate the process of coming into being of a new common world. Authors of revolutionary periods, such as Brecht and Pirandello, used theater to inspire radical change of all existing social and political institutions. Finally, to the authors such as Euripides, Ibsen, Chekhov and Strindberg, theater made it possible to cry out for an old common world that no longer has a grounding idea and therefore disappears.

Keywords
Political; Theatre; Drama; Common World; Order

Hrčak ID: 226346

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/226346

HERBERT SIMON’S DECISION-MAKING THEORY: A DECISIONIST APPROACH TO ORGANIZATION

Review article
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.56.2.03

Mariza Menger ; Faculty of Law, University of Rijeka

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (337 KB) pages 66-86 cite

Abstracts
The paper deals with the decisionist approach to organization theory and presents the work of American Nobel laureate Herbert Simon as its chief representative. Information is collected from the work written by Simon himself, from books and papers authored by other people, most notably his close associates and critics, as well as Croatian literature dealing with decision-making in organizations and decision-making in general. Although his extraordinary contribution to several disciplines is recognized in the domestic literature, there is no systematic overview of Simon’s work. This paper aims to fill this void. First part of the paper tackles the basic concepts of Simon’s decisionmaking theory: rationality of decision-making and, in particular, bounded rationality, search for a satisfying solution (satisficing), heuristics, and differentiation between programmed and non-programmed decisions. The paper proceeds by presenting Simon’s understanding of decision-making within the organizational setting. It is argued that Simon’s understanding of organizations is anchored in the differentiation between two types of decisions: decision to participate and decision to produce (intraorganizational decisions). Finally, the last part of the paper explores criticism of Simon’s work.

Keywords
Herbert Simon; Organization Theory; Decision-making Theory; Rationality; Bounded Rationality; Heuristics

Hrčak ID: 226345

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/226345

IDEOLOGY, CLASS, AND THE QUESTION OF POLITICAL SUBJECTIVIZATION IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.56.2.02

Asim Mujkić ; Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Sarajevo

Fulltext: bosnian, pdf (353 KB) pages 41-65 cite

Abstracts
Author investigates the role of ideology, myth and class in understanding the complex contemporary processes of political subjectivization in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Starting from the revolutionary context from the beginning of the 1990s, which the author understands as a parallel process of national and capitalist re-appropriation, the author poses the question: which are the conditions, discursive and institutional, for specific ethnic differences to become politically relevant, to become the source of political power and mobilization. The answer is explored on the basis of the anti-representationalist hypothesis according to which, on the one hand, these are the discursive and institutional conditions of “nation-state” understood as a state of homogenous ethnonational host and negligible ethnonational minority, and, on the other hand, the discursive and institutional conditions of capitalist order from which nationalist order is historically developed presupposing its class structure. The subject of the production of national-capitalist order is the ruling class; in the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the class of ethnopolitical entrepreneurs which is in possession of the means of production of social life in general: both in the material and in the symbolical sense.

Keywords
Ideology; Myth; Class; Political Subjectivization; Bosnia and Herzegovina

Hrčak ID: 226344

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/226344

A HISTORICAL-MATERIALIST CRITIQUE OF POST-MARXISM: THE PROBLEM OF THE REVOLUTIONARY SUBJECT

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.56.2.01

Karlo Jurak ; Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (371 KB) pages 7-40 cite

Abstracts
Marxist theory, as all other theories, is subject to the consequences of the division of labour into the material and the mental one. In The German Ideology Marx marked this division as the first real division of labour in class societies. Regarding Marxism itself, the consequences of this division are very obvious especially within the phenomenon of so-called Western Marxism, but most of all in post-Marxist transformations. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to apply the method of historical materialism to post-Marxism itself and to describe and explain the transformations of revolutionary subjectivities which follow this mutation in Marxist theory. Before that, it is necessary to roughly outline the periodization of Marxism relying on some terms coined by Perry Anderson and, on that trajectory, to present post-Marxism as the second phase of Western Marxism. Thus, the central part of the paper focuses on the main characteristics of post-Marxism such as replacement of class politics with identity politics, the particularisation and fragmentation of social struggles, and their cooptation in the dominant socio-political framework. All of that is accompanied by remarks on some changes in the relations of production and the concomitant neoliberal turn in the economic, political and cultural agenda. In order to allow for a better understanding of it all, a short review of some post-Marxist forerunners and theoretical concepts which have noticeably influenced post-Marxist theories is offered. This is followed by explanations of the most prominent examples of the constitution of different revolutionary subjectivities in some post-Marxist theories. Finally, the necessity of overcoming these particular positions and theoretically affirming universalism, including its practico-political importance and potentiality, is emphasized. This paves the way for the return to the historical sources of Marxism, which are what allowed for its auto-reflexivity in the first place.

Keywords
Marxist Theory; Post-Marxism; Historical Materialism; Revolutionary Subject; Western Marxism

Hrčak ID: 226343

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/226343