Arhiva kategorije: Sažetak

Mediatization and Social Change: A Contribution to Studying the Mediatization of Politics

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.56.1.06

Zrinjka Peruško   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-7990-0997 ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb, Croatia

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (330 KB) pages 163-187 cite

Abstracts
The article investigates mediatization as an empirical process and a new theoretical approach. Differences between the concepts of mediatization and mediation are examined, with other new concepts developed by this theoretical approach in the analysis of the interaction of media and social change. The article presents three key perspectives in mediatization theory and the most important authors who preceded it from the communication and media field, as well as from the broader social scientific theory (mainly sociological) which forms the basis for the contemporary research into the dynamics of mediatization. Cultural, material and institutional perspectives in the mediatization approach (the institutional also including the mediatization of politics) are analyzed in respect to their understanding of the historical periods in which mediatization takes place, of communication media, broader theoretical frameworks, and the results of empirical research. The article concludes with an analysis of the reception of the mediatization approach in Croatia in light of the progression of mediatization changes from the macro perspectives of the media system and the micro perspectives of the information habits of the media audiences.

Keywords
Mediatization Theory; Mediatization of Politics; Media Sociology; Political Communication; Media Audiences

Hrčak ID: 219879

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/219879

Medijatizacija i društvena promjena: prilog istraživanju medijatizacije politike

Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.56.1.06

Zrinjka Peruško   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-7990-0997 ; Fakultet političkih znanosti Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (330 KB) str. 163-187 citiraj

Sažetak
Članak analizira medijatizaciju kao empirijski proces i novi teorijski pristup. Raspravlja se razlika između pojmova medijacije i medijatizacije te drugi novi koncepti koje uvodi taj teorijski pristup u analizi interakcije medija i društvenih promjena. U članku se prezentiraju tri glavne perspektive u teoriji medijatizacije i najvažniji autori te prethodnici u komunikacijskoj i medijskoj teoriji i široj društveno-znanstvenoj (uglavnom sociološkoj) teoriji na kojima se istraživanja dinamike i posljedica medijatizacije danas temelje. Kulturna, materijalna i institucionalna perspektiva medijatizacije (posljednja uključuje i medijatizaciju politike) analiziraju se u odnosu na razumijevanje povijesnog perioda u kojem se odvija medijatizacija, komunikacijskih medija, širih teorijskih gabarita i rezultata empirijskih istraživanja. Zaključno se razmatra recepcija pristupa u Hrvatskoj u svjetlu napredovanja medijatizacijskih promjena iz makro perspektive medijskog sustava i iz mikro perspektive informativnih navika medijskih publika.

Ključne riječi
teorija medijatizacije; medijatizacija politike; sociologija medija; politička komunikacija; medijske publike

Hrčak ID: 219879

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/219879

Privacy Paradox: Empirical Verification of the Phenomenon

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.56.1.05

Andro Pavuna ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb, Croatia

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (387 KB) pages 132-162 cite

Abstracts
Privacy paradox is a phenomenon in which people who say they are concerned about their privacy behave as if they weren’t, especially when it comes to social networks and the use of the Internet. The aim of this research was to determine whether individuals who are highly concerned with their privacy exhibit privacy protecting behaviour in an expected manner. To explore the privacy paradox, a privacy concerns scale was developed for this research based on the results of a previous study. To measure behavioural variables, three scales were adapted for application in Croatia, including the social dimension of behavioural control, general caution and technical protection. Participants were also asked some specific questions about their use of Internet and social networks. The survey was conducted using a questionnaire that was given to a convenience sample of 966 participants. The obtained results showed the existence of a privacy paradox on all comparisons at p < 0.001. Despite the fact that 90.7% of the participants stated that their privacy is important or extremely important to them, a large number of participants uses online services from companies whose entire business model is based on the collection, analysis and sharing of user data. 99.3% of participants reported the use of such search engines, 86% the use of such e-mail service, 88% reported using Facebook, while more than 73% of them have their real name, surname and personal photo posted on their profile. The results show that participants declaratively deem their privacy important, but they easily waive it over the use of Internet and social networks which has significant implications for the current debate on privacy and personal data protection in the digital environment.

Keywords
Privacy; Privacy Paradox; Privacy Concerns; Internet; Social Networks

Hrčak ID: 219878

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/219878

Paradoks privatnosti: empirijska provjera fenomena

Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.56.1.05

Andro Pavuna ; Fakultet političkih znanosti Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (387 KB) str. 132-162 citiraj

Sažetak
Paradoks privatnosti označava diskrepanciju između deklariranog izražavanja visoke zabrinutosti za privatnost (privacy concerns) i istovremenog manifestiranja ponašanja kojim se iskazuje nebriga za privatnost, osobito kada su u pitanju društvene mreže i korištenje interneta. Cilj istraživanja bio je provjeriti manifestiraju li pojedinci koji su visoko zabrinuti za svoju privatnost ponašanja kojima je štite. Za istraživanje paradoksa privatnosti korištena je skala zabrinutosti za privatnost, konstruirana za ovo istraživanje na osnovi rezultata predistraživanja o načinima kako ispitanici razumiju privatnost i ugrožavanje privatnosti. Za mjerenje bihevioralnih varijabli korištene su tri skale prilagođene za primjenu u Hrvatskoj: društvena dimenzija kontrole ponašanja, opći oprez i tehnička zaštita. Sudionicima je postavljeno i nekoliko konkretnih pitanja o korištenju interneta i društvenih mreža. Istraživanje je provedeno primjenom ankete na prigodnom uzorku od ukupno 966 sudionika. Dobiveni rezultati pokazali su postojanje paradoksa privatnosti na sve tri usporedbe na nivou p < 0,001. Unatoč tome što je 90,7% sudionika navelo kako im je privatnost važna ili izrazito važna, velik broj sudionika koristi usluge onih tvrtki čiji je cijeli poslovni model baziran na prikupljanju, analiziranju i dijeljenju korisničkih podataka. Njih 99,3% koristi jednu od takvih tražilica, 86% neki od takvih servisa e-pošte, 88% koristi društvenu mrežu Facebook, na kojoj ih više od 73% ima navedeno svoje pravo ime i prezime te osobnu fotografiju. Dobiveni rezultati pokazuju kako je sudionicima deklarativno važna njihova privatnost, no kako je se vrlo lako odriču kada se radi o korištenju interneta i društvenih mreža, što ima značajne implikacije na aktualnu raspravu o zaštiti privatnosti i osobnih podataka u digitalnom okruženju.

Ključne riječi
privatnost; paradoks privatnosti; zabrinutost za privatnost; internet; društvene mreže

Hrčak ID: 219878

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/219878

Cultural Violence as a Longue Durée Process: From Colonialism to Humanitarianism

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.56.1.04

Goran Tepšić ; Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Belgrade, Serbia
Miloš Vukelić ; Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Belgrade, Serbia

Fulltext: serbian, pdf (340 KB) pages 109-131 cite

Abstracts
The main hypothesis of the paper is that Orientalism, as a form of cultural violence, represents a long-term historical structure which is reproduced through discourses and practices of various social systems. The authors apply genealogy and longue durée approaches to analyze discourses of colonialism, antisemitism, nationalism, and humanitarianism, indicating the long-lasting identity division along the West-East (Orient) axis, as well as continuity of the cultural content that implies the superiority of the Self and the inferiority of the Other. The analysis also shows that all these discourses, although mutually different, can be rooted in the Orientalist matrix and thus become instruments for legitimizing and justifying various forms of indirect (repression, exploitation) and direct violence (wars, genocide, ethnic cleansing). The paper aims to understand the different forms of violence and their complexity as precondition for violence prevention.

Keywords
Cultural Violence; Orientalism and Colonialism; Antisemitism; Nationalism; Humanitarianism

Hrčak ID: 219877

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/219877

Kulturno nasilje kao proces dugog trajanja: od kolonijalizma do humanitarizma

Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.56.1.04

Goran Tepšić ; Fakultet političkih nauka, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Srbija
Miloš Vukelić ; Fakultet političkih nauka, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Srbija

Puni tekst: srpski, pdf (340 KB) str. 109-131 citiraj

Sažetak
U radu se polazi od teze da orijentalizam, kao oblik kulturnog nasilja, predstavlja strukturu dugog trajanja čija se matrica reprodukuje kroz diskurse i prakse različitih društvenih poredaka. Koristeći genealoški i longue durée pristup, autori analiziraju diskurse kolonijalizma, antisemitizma, nacionalizma i humanitarizma kako bi ukazali na dugotrajnost identitetske podele po liniji Zapad-Istok (Orijent), kao i na kontinuitet određenog kulturnog sadržaja koji implicira superiornost jedne i inferiornost druge strane. Analiza pokazuje i da svi ovi diskursi, iako međusobno različiti, mogu da se ukorene u orijentalističku matricu i da tako postanu instrument legitimacije i opravdavanja različitih oblika indirektnog (represija, eksploatacija) i direktnog nasilja (ratovi, genocid, etničko čišćenje). Cilj rada je razumevanje različitih oblika nasilja i njihove složenosti kao preduslov za bavljenje prevencijom nasilja.

Ključne riječi
kulturno nasilje; orijentalizam i kolonijalizam; antisemitizam; nacionalizam; humanitarizam

Hrčak ID: 219877

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/219877

“Internal” Crisis of Judiciary? Attitudes of Members of the Legal Professions in Croatia and Serbia Towards Judiciaries in Their Countries

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.56.1.03

Marko Mrakovčić ; Department of Sociology, Faculty of Law, University of Rijeka, Croatia
Danilo Vuković ; Faculty of Law, University of Belgrade, Serbia

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (396 KB) pages 75-105 cite

Abstracts
In this paper we analyze attitudes of members of the legal professions in Croatia and Serbia with regards to the judicial systems – the trust in judicial institutions and satisfaction with their performance. In the first part of the paper we present arguments of the cultural and institutional approach to explaining the foundations of trust in institutions, then define the characteristics of a “good” judiciary in the context of the democratic rule of law, and present the socio-political context of judicial reform in both countries over the last twenty years. In the second, empirical part of the paper we analyze the data collected through the online survey conducted among members of the legal professions in 2018 in Croatia and Serbia. The results from both countries show a low level of trust in judiciary and deep dissatisfaction with the functioning of judiciary on a list of dimensions. Our analysis confirms the link between (dis)trust in institutions and (dis)satisfaction with their work and thus also the assumptions of the institutional perspective on trust. We conclude that the obtained results point to an “internal” crisis of trust in judiciary in both countries, which accompanies the evident “external” crisis of the Serbian judiciary and the latent tensions in and around the Croatian judiciary.

Keywords
Judiciary; Crisis; Legitimacy; Trust in Institutions; Legal Professions; Croatia; Serbia

Hrčak ID: 219876

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/219876

“Unutarnja” kriza pravosuđa? Stavovi pripadnika pravničkih profesija o pravosuđu u Hrvatskoj i Srbiji

Izvorni znanstveni članak
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.56.1.03

Marko Mrakovčić ; Katedra za sociologiju, Pravni fakultet, Sveučilište u Rijeci, Hrvatska
Danilo Vuković ; Pravni fakultet, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Srbija

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (396 KB) str. 75-105 citiraj

Sažetak
U radu se analizira koliko pripadnici različitih pravničkih profesija u Hrvatskoj i Srbiji imaju povjerenja u institucije pravosudnih sustava i koliko su zadovoljni funkcioniranjem njihovih važnih dijelova. U prvom dijelu rada predstavljaju se argumenti kulturalističkog i institucionalnog pristupa u objašnjenju temelja povjerenja u institucije, određuju se karakteristike “dobrog” pravosuđa u kontekstu koncepta demokratske vladavine prava i daje se društveni kontekst provedbe pravosudnih reformi u obje zemlje u posljednjih dvadesetak godina. U drugom, empirijskom dijelu rada daje se prikaz rezultata analize podataka prikupljenih online anketnim istraživanjem provedenim 2018. godine u Hrvatskoj i Srbiji. Rezultati u obje zemlje pokazuju i nisku razinu povjerenja u institucije pravosudnog sustava i duboko nezadovoljstvo općim stanjem u pravosuđu i funkcioniranjem njegovih važnih dijelova. Pokazujući povezanost između (ne)povjerenja u institucije i (ne)zadovoljstva njihovim radom, analiza ide u prilog pretpostavkama institucionalne perspektive. Zaključujemo da dobiveni rezultati ukazuju na “unutarnju” krizu povjerenja u pravosuđu u obje zemlje koja prati evidentnu “izvanjsku” krizu srpskog pravosuđa i latentne napetosti u i oko hrvatskog pravosuđa.

Ključne riječi
pravosuđe; kriza; legitimitet; povjerenje u institucije; pravničke profesije; Hrvatska; Srbija

Hrčak ID: 219876

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/219876

Changes in Quality Assurance Policy at Public Universities in Croatia from 2001 until 2013

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.56.1.02

Nikola Baketa ; Institute for Social Research, Zagreb, Croatia

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (539 KB) pages 39-74 cite

Abstracts
From the theoretical perspective of historical institutionalism and concept of policy change the author detects and analyzes the initiators of change and key conditions that enabled or prevented the change in quality assurance policy at public universities in Croatia from 2001 to 2013. The analysis includes seven public universities – the University of Zagreb, the University of Split, the University of Rijeka, the Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, the University of Zadar, the University of Dubrovnik and the Juraj Dobrila University of Pula. Using qualitative methods (directed content analysis and semi-structured interviews) to follow the process of policy change, it has been established that the main motors of change are external. The main conclusion is that the institutional structure can be a prerequisite that enables actors to implement change, but that certain features of actors, such as their capacities, are necessary for policy change.

Keywords
University; Policy Change; Historical Institutionalism; Croatia

Hrčak ID: 219875

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/219875