The text develops a new theoretical model for the analysis of post-socialist
media systems in European third wave democracies. The five-dimensional
theoretical framework of Hallin and Mancini (2004) is expanded with the approach
of historical institutionalism and path dependency in order to explain
the convergence and divergence of media systems in three key time periods.
The model distinguishes between three distinctive historical periods in the
development of media systems, consequences of three key critical historical
junctures – modernization and democratic revolutions in the 19th century, socialist
period, and the post-socialist period of new democracies. Thus the analysis
includes, in addition to the first period of modernization that is crucial
in the development of media systems in Western Europe (Hallin and Mancini,
2004), for the first time and explicitly also the socialist period and the contemporary
period of post-socialist democratic media systems.
comparative analysis; post-socialism; media systems, Hallin and Mancini’s model; historical institutionalism