Cultural Violence as a Longue Durée Process: From Colonialism to Humanitarianism

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.56.1.04

Goran Tepšić ; Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Belgrade, Serbia
Miloš Vukelić ; Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Belgrade, Serbia

Fulltext: serbian, pdf (340 KB) pages 109-131 cite

Abstracts
The main hypothesis of the paper is that Orientalism, as a form of cultural violence, represents a long-term historical structure which is reproduced through discourses and practices of various social systems. The authors apply genealogy and longue durée approaches to analyze discourses of colonialism, antisemitism, nationalism, and humanitarianism, indicating the long-lasting identity division along the West-East (Orient) axis, as well as continuity of the cultural content that implies the superiority of the Self and the inferiority of the Other. The analysis also shows that all these discourses, although mutually different, can be rooted in the Orientalist matrix and thus become instruments for legitimizing and justifying various forms of indirect (repression, exploitation) and direct violence (wars, genocide, ethnic cleansing). The paper aims to understand the different forms of violence and their complexity as precondition for violence prevention.

Keywords
Cultural Violence; Orientalism and Colonialism; Antisemitism; Nationalism; Humanitarianism

Hrčak ID: 219877

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/219877