THE NATURE OF “STRUCTURAL ADAPTATION” IN A NATION-STATE: THE CASE OF SERBIA

Ivica Mladenović ; Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia

Fulltext: pdf (347 KB), Serbian, Pages 135 – 158

Abstracts
The author is deconstructing the logics and the consequences of “structural
adaptation” to the laws of the market and profit in Serbia from the 1960s until
today. The paper consists of three systematic parts. The first one is a description
of the period from 1965 to 1991. It is shown that the roots of capitalist
restoration can be found in economical reforms undertaken within nominal
socialism, which opened the way for a more free action of the market mechanisms.
The second part of the paper is dedicated to the so-called “Milošević
period” (1991 – 2001) during which, under the auspices of degenerated political
capitalism and in a blocked context, the process of structural adaptation
continues, in favour of the continuative nomenclature of the former collective
owners, or the new class of lumpenbourgeoisie in formation. The third part is
an analysis of the neoliberal period after the “democratic” changes in 2001
and the character of its own comprador political capitalism, which enters the
final phase of the structural adaptation and redistribution of wealth towards
the higher classes. Based on the results of the analysis, the author concludes
that the process of a decade of destruction of Serbian society was conditioned
by an agenda, i.e. it was conditioned by class interests.

Keywords
Nominal Socialism; Serbia; Yugoslav Crisis; Structural Adaptation; Political Capitalism