Sve objave od ADMIN JAŠARAGIĆ

Voided Ballots in the 2012 Parliamentary Election in Serbia: Abstinence, Protest, Irrationality, or Manipulation?

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.58.4.05

Uroš Lazić   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-5935-8109

Fulltext: english, pdf (351 KB) pages 102-133 cite

Abstracts
The “white ballots” campaign in the 2012 parliamentary election in Serbia‎was accompanied by a change in the portion of invalid ballots, but also in‎their correlation with socio-demographic variables. When the percentage of‎invalid votes in the three previous elections is analyzed using the generalized‎least squares (GLS) multiple regression analysis, the percentage of inhabitants‎with incomplete primary education represents the best predictor. The percentage‎of individuals with primary education is also statistically relevant, just in‎the opposite (negative) direction, and less predictive. When GLS is applied to‎invalid votes in the 2012 election, incomplete primary education is positively,‎and primary education is negatively correlated with the criterion. The percentage‎of illiterates, the share of people over 65 years of age and the degree‎of urbanization are significantly, but negatively related to the criterion. The‎consequences of the 2012 election outcome were considered in the light of the‎regression to competitive authoritarianism.‎

Keywords
Invalid Ballots; “White Ballots” Campaign; Protest Voting; Express Voting; Competitive Authoritarianism

Hrčak ID: 265654

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/265654

The Three Seas Initiative and the Graz Triangle Relations Towards the United Arab Emirates

Review article
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.58.4.04

Adam Krzymowski   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-9296-6387 ; Department of International Studies, Zayed University

Fulltext: english, pdf (368 KB) pages 77-101 cite

Abstracts
The presented research is the first such study on Austria, Croatia, Slovenia‎(Graz Triangle) as a part of the Three Seas Initiative from the perspective of‎the United Arab Emirates. After 2015, when the Three Seas Initiative was‎initiated, the United Arab Emirates greatly intensified its relations with this‎geographical area. In this study, the author relied on international practice‎and role theory, supported by the analytical and empirical case study method.‎Moreover, the researcher verified the study results through ten-year participation‎in many processes and phenomena of the investigated area, including‎as Ambassador, Senior Advisor to Dubai Expo 2020 responsible for strategies‎and dynamizing the Three Seas Initiative countries’ relations with the‎United Arab Emirates. The obtained findings indicate that the Graz Triangle‎states have the potential for further relations development with the United‎Arab Emirates. However, to give its strategic significance, the implementation‎project should be within a broader formula, i.e., the Three Seas Initiative.‎

Keywords
Austria; Croatia; Slovenia; Graz Triangle; United Arab Emirates; Three Seas Initiative

Hrčak ID: 265653

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/265653

Maintaining the Boundary: Analyzing the Continuous Importance of Nonpartisanship for Croatian ‘Second Wave’ Advocacy NGOs

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.58.4.03

Karlo Kralj   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-2929-5020 ; Faculty of Political and Social Sciences, Scuola Normale Superiore

Fulltext: english, pdf (288 KB) pages 52-76 cite

Abstracts
Advocacy NGOs in Croatia often emphasize their nonpartisan identity, meaning‎that they do not publicly associate with political parties or declare their‎endorsement of electoral candidates. While such NGOs’ behavior could be‎explained based on overall negative public perception of political parties, as‎well as funding conditions imposed by NGOs’ donors, this article argues that‎the continuous nonpartisan identity of advocacy NGOs is further reaffirmed‎by a specific civil society discourse. Drawing on the analysis of in-depth interviews‎with senior members of nine Croatian NGOs, active in areas of human‎rights, the rule of law, and education, three relevant themes of civil society‎discourse reaffirming NGOs’ nonpartisanship are outlined: (1) idea of civil‎society as an answer to malfunctioning state, (2) NGOs’ legitimation based‎on autonomy and expertise, and (3) perception of political parties as an inherently‎limiting organizational form.‎

Keywords
NGOs; Civil Society; Political Parties; Nonpartisanship; Activism in Post-socialist Europe

Hrčak ID: 265652

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/265652

Living According to Conscience

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.58.4.02

Elvio Baccarini   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-6771-9859 ; Faculty of Humanities and Social Science, University of Rijeka
Julija Perhat   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-3424-9421 ; Faculty of Humanities and Social Science, University of Rijeka

Fulltext: english, pdf (252 KB) pages 35-51 cite

Abstracts
We discuss the proposal of Chandran Kukathas engaged in one of the goals of‎liberal theories: the protection of freedom of conscience. Kukathas proposes‎the metaphor of a liberal archipelago where different communities are sovereign‎in enforcing their worldview on their territory. We share Kukathas’s‎intention to strongly protect freedom of conscience, but we think that Kukathas’s‎theory fails to adequately protect it. In Kukathas’s view, freedom of‎conscience is protected through freedom of association and the related freedom‎to exit an association. But freedom of exit, intended only as a right not‎to be coerced when one wants to leave, is insufficient. It must be sustained by‎the provision of capabilities to leave that one can exercise, as well as by capabilities‎to evaluate her condition. We discuss, then, a more promising proposal‎of an egalitarian libertarian archipelago proposed by Michael Otsuka. After‎explaining why this system isn’t sufficiently stable, we conclude that the constitutional‎egalitarian liberal state is a better candidate.‎

Keywords
Autonomy; Equality; Archipelago Liberalism; Freedom of Conscience; Freedom of Exit

Hrčak ID: 265651

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/265651

A Discourse on Machiavelli’s New Rome

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.58.4.01

Davorin Žagar   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-9058-8164 ; Faculty of Liberal Arts, Adolfo Ibáñez University

Fulltext: english, pdf (312 KB) pages 7-34 cite

Abstracts
In the first part of the paper the author presents the key theses of Vickie Sullivan’s‎reading of Machiavelli. Sullivan argues that, in order to prevent corruption,‎Machiavelli innovatively reworks elements of Christian teaching‎for entirely temporal purposes and offers a specific, modern solution, ‘new‎Rome’, in the form of an irreligious, fearful republic which early and effectively‎punishes the ambitious few seeking to establish tyranny. In the internal‎realm of the city, the Florentine reduces class desires of the plebs and the‎greats under the common goal of acquisition. A bellicose, tumultuous republic‎satisfies the desires of all the social actors, resulting in a lasting political order.‎In the second part the author critically engages with Sullivan’s interpretation,‎drawing on Claude Lefort’s interpretation of Machiavelli. Surprisingly,‎Lefort’s groundbreaking work on Machiavelli has been absent in Straussian‎readings of the Florentine. By highlighting the authentically democratic nature‎of Machiavelli’s project, in contrast with Sullivan’s reading, an entirely‎different ‘new Rome’ arises on the horizon.‎

Keywords
Christianity; Corruption; Lefort; Machiavelli; Sullivan; Tyranny

Hrčak ID: 265650

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/265650

Croatian Political Science Review, Vol. 58 No. 4, 2021

Table of contents Full text
A Discourse on Machiavelli’s New Rome (str.7-34) englishpdf 312 KB
Davorin Žagar
Original scientific paper
Living According to Conscience (str.35-51) englishpdf 252 KB
Elvio Baccarini, Julija Perhat
Original scientific paper
Maintaining the Boundary: Analyzing the Continuous Importance of Nonpartisanship for Croatian ‘Second Wave’ Advocacy NGOs (str.52-76) englishpdf 288 KB
Karlo Kralj
Original scientific paper
The Three Seas Initiative and the Graz Triangle Relations Towards the United Arab Emirates (str.77-101) englishpdf 368 KB
Adam Krzymowski
Review article
Voided Ballots in the 2012 Parliamentary Election in Serbia: Abstinence, Protest, Irrationality, or Manipulation? (str.102-133) englishpdf 351 KB
Uroš Lazić
Original scientific paper
Zrinjka Peruško, Dina Vozab and Antonija Čuvalo: Comparing Post-Socialist Media Systems. The Case of Southeast Europe (str.137-141) englishpdf 224 KB
Tihomir Cipek
Case report
Gabriele Pedullà: Machiavelli in Tumult. The Discourses on Livy and the Origins of Political Conflictualism (str.142-150) englishpdf 234 KB
Davorin Žagar
Case report