Sve objave od ADMIN JAŠARAGIĆ

Defining Diaspora in post-Yugoslav States

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.4.05

Danijela Vuković-Ćalasan ; Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Montenegro, Podgorica
Siniša Tatalović ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb

Fulltext: english, pdf (321 KB) pages 100-122 cite

Abstracts
Contemporary societies exist in the conditions of globalization, which profoundly‎ transforms them in different dimensions. Technological progress enabled‎ the significant changes in the identity dimension. This has, inter alia,‎ resulted in new opportunities for preserving identification with the country of‎ origin, increased interest in the diaspora concept in the politological and sociological‎ thought and caused new approaches and activities by the states in‎ improving relations with their diasporic communities. The former republics‎ of the SFRY, which have been making progress in building legal and institutional‎ capacities for cooperation with diasporas, are no exception. Generally,‎ all of these countries have very numerous and diverse diasporas, which have‎ usually been emerging in a long period of time. This paper analyzes the policies‎ of the states, created by the break-up of the SFRY, towards their diasporas.‎ The policies of these states are specific and they differ from one another,‎ both in defining diaspora and in legal and institutional solutions that should‎ improve diaspora’s link with the country of origin. However, the Republic of‎ Slovenia, the Republic of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of‎ Serbia, Montenegro and the Republic of North Macedonia, have some common‎ elements as well.‎

Keywords
Diaspora; Globalisation; Post-Yugoslav Countries; Identity; Ethnocultural Communities

Hrčak ID: 252684

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/252684

Milorad Dodik’s Public Attitudes and Perceptions Toward the ICTY: Operational Code Analysis

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.4.04

Jasmin Hasić ; Sarajevo School of Science and Technology
Zejna Yesilyurt ; International Burch University, BiH

Fulltext: english, pdf (322 KB) pages 78-99 cite

Abstracts
The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) was‎ formally closed on 21 December 2017. During the quarter century of its existence, ‎ICTY’s rulings had a significant impact on public discourses and narratives‎ about the Bosnian war. Different opinions among the citizens of Bosnia‎ and Herzegovina (BiH) about ICTY’s role and its verdicts have emerged over ‎time, especially among the leaders of the dominant ethno-political parties representing ‎the three ethno-constituent groups – Bosniaks, Croats, and Serbs.‎ Milorad Dodik, current member of the BiH Presidency, a former President of ‎Republika Srpska (RS) entity, and the leader of one of the most prominent political‎ parties in RS, was particularly vocal and critical about the work of the ‎ICTY. This paper closely examines Dodik’s public views and opinions toward ‎the ICTY. We use content- and operational code analysis to analyze key features‎ of his perceptions toward the ICTY’s work while serving as the President ‎of RS for two consecutive terms.‎

Keywords
ICTY; Milorad Dodik; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bosnian War; Perceptions; Crimes; Operational Code

Hrčak ID: 252683

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/252683

Inclusion of People in Decision-Making: The New Challenges

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.4.03

Charalambos Tsekeris ; National Centre for Social Research, Athens, Greece
Nicolas Demertzis ; Department of Communication and Media Studies, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece

Fulltext: english, pdf (277 KB) pages 60-77 cite

Abstracts
Reflecting on the May 2019 European Parliament elections, the EU democratic ‎institutions are in need of efficiently responding to the discrepancies between‎ public agendas and policy-making (as shown in the Macedonia naming‎ dispute), and the threatening dynamics of authoritarian populism, as well as‎ to unpredictable reactions from diverse groups and citizens, especially from ‎the neglected, excluded and marginal ones. These citizens cannot handle complexity‎ and react by voting for protest candidates/movements and supporting ‎radical, yet oversimplified and inadequate, solutions to complex problems.‎ Given the potentiality of crisis cascades and that an over-standardized “one‎ size fits all” approach does not work anymore, the EU policy-making experts ‎should arguably turn their analytic attention to existing drivers of political ‎destabilisation by adopting new knowledge bases and sources. This pertains‎ to a fresh theoretical understanding of nonlinear sociopolitical phenomena‎(from populist reactions of any kind to social media behaviours), that is, a‎ deeper, complexity-friendly approach drawn from new scientific advancements‎ and coupled with innovative policy designs, aimed to rebalance the‎ system and to defend the European project against further failures.‎

Keywords
Populism; Social Media; Policy-Making; Cultural Backlash; Complexity; European Union

Hrčak ID: 252682

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/252682

The Genesis of the Idea and Value of Political Peace in Early Modern Political Philosophy

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.4.02

Raul Raunić ; Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb

Fulltext: english, pdf (340 KB) pages 33-59 cite

Abstracts
The main intention of this paper is to reconstruct the conceptual and historical‎ genesis of the idea and value of political peace from the point of view of ‎political philosophy at the intersection between late scholasticism and early modernity. The paper consists of three related parts. The first part highlights‎ methodological and contextual reasons why the idea of political peace has ‎been overshadowed throughout history by dominant discourses on war. The ‎second part deals with conceptual clarifications. The nature of war is distinguished ‎from other types of conflict and three interpretative approaches to‎ war are analyzed: political realism, fundamentalist-moralistic view of the holy‎ war, and the many theories of natural law that give rise to conceptions of just‎ war, but also the first abolitionist perspective or idea of ending all wars. Early‎ theoretical articulations of the notion of peace indicated modern-day emancipation‎ of politics from the tutelage of metaphysics and classical ethics, thus‎ separating the value of political peace from its original oneness with cosmic ‎and psychological peace. The third part of the paper highlights key moments ‎in the historical genesis of the value of political peace in the works of Aurelius ‎Augustine, Marsilius of Padua, and William of Ockham.‎

Keywords
Violence and War; Political Peace; Aurelius Augustine; Marsilius of Padua; William of Ockham

Hrčak ID: 252681

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/252681

Comrade Tito, it’s all your fault! Yugoslav Citizens’ Letters to Josip Broz Tito

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.4.01

Dejan Jović ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb

Fulltext: english, pdf (329 KB) pages 7-32 cite

Abstracts
Between 1945 and 1967, Josip Broz Tito, the Marshal and President of Yugoslavia, ‎received 411,769 letters written by citizens of his country. Until 1964 ‎he personally read most of the letters addressed to him and made decisions‎ on requests and comments expressed in them. In this article we argue that ‎Tito used the letters received to establish a direct link between himself and ‎citizens. This was one of the key instruments of his power, as he used letters ‎to conduct a permanent ‘anti-bureauratic revolution’ which would squeeze ‎lower-level officials into a sandwich between him and ‘the people’. We focus ‎on one particular letter, written by Dragomir Katić, a 27-year old unemployed ‎person from Kraljevo, Serbia. The letter arrived in February 1967, and Tito ‎used this occasion to personally meet Katić. Despite Tito’s promise, however, ‎Katić’s problem could not be solved for more than two years, due to a power‎ struggle between Tito and local officials in Serbia. This case sheds new light ‎on the nature of Tito’s alleged absolute power in Yugoslavia. It tells us much‎ about the attitude of dissatisfied individuals in Communist Yugoslavia, who ‎cared much more about solving their personal problems than about changing‎ the system, at least for as long as Tito was alive.‎

Keywords
Josip Broz Tito; Yugoslavia; Communism; Anti-bureaucratic Revolution; Dragomir Katić

Hrčak ID: 252680

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/252680

Croatian Political Science Review, Vol. 57 No. 4, 2020

Table of contents Full text
Comrade Tito, it’s all your fault! Yugoslav Citizens’ Letters to Josip Broz Tito (str.7-32) englishpdf 329 KB
Dejan Jović
Original scientific paper
The Genesis of the Idea and Value of Political Peace in Early Modern Political Philosophy (str.33-59) englishpdf 340 KB
Raul Raunić
Original scientific paper
Inclusion of People in Decision-Making: The New Challenges (str.60-77) englishpdf 277 KB
Charalambos Tsekeris, Nicolas Demertzis
Original scientific paper
Milorad Dodik’s Public Attitudes and Perceptions Toward the ICTY: Operational Code Analysis (str.78-99) englishpdf 322 KB
Jasmin Hasić, Zejna Yesilyurt
Original scientific paper
Defining Diaspora in post-Yugoslav States (str.100-122) englishpdf 321 KB
Danijela Vuković-Ćalasan, Siniša Tatalović
Original scientific paper
Measuring Ideology in the Croatian Context: Testing the Left-Right Scale (str.123-151) englishpdf 335 KB
Leon Runje, Valentino Petrović, Kosta Bovan
Original scientific paper
Protest Event Dataset for Croatia, Portugal, Serbia and Spain: Focus on Strike Data (str.155-168) englishpdf 311 KB
Danijela Dolenec, Ana Balković, Karlo Kralj, Daniela Širinić, Eduardo Romanos, Tiago Fernandes
Preliminary communication

Who (Else) Benefits from Hungary’s and Poland’s RoL Violations?

Piše: Antonio Karlović

In late 2020, rule of law once again made headlines across European media. The direct cause was the Brussels’ attempt to condition the availability of the EU budget and recovery fund on member states’ respect for rule of law principles. As expected, this did not go well with Hungary and Poland who have a long record of violating judicial independence in their domestic political systems – a process that is widely perceived as the greatest threat to democracy in the Union.  However, now that the European Parliament approved the regulation which would put member states in breach of the rule of law at risk of losing access to EU funds, the incentives for Budapest and Warsaw to step back on their controversial practices will perhaps change, as will the whole power (and attention) map in the Union. Nastavi čitati

Civilna zaštita i reakcija na potres: Što je to civilna zaštita?

Piše: doc. dr. sc. ROBERT MIKAC

Nakon snažnog potresa koji je 29. prosinca 2020. godine pogodio središnju Hrvatsku, kao i stotina manjih koji su uslijedili nakon njega, puno se raspravlja o brzini reakcije, načinu koordinacije, uključenim institucionalnim i volonterskim akterima, prioritetima, trenutnim i budućim aktivnostima. Rasprava uključuje mnoga pitanja, probleme i relacije koje imamo i koje smo stvorili u Hrvatskoj u proteklih trideset godina. Jedna od nezaobilaznih tema koja nikog u ovoj situaciji ne ostavlja ravnodušnim jest i pitanje civilne zaštite. Rasprava se trenutno vodi oko dva ključna pitanja. Prvo, da li je civilna zaštita reagirala pravovremeno? Drugo, da li civilna zaštita uspješno koordinira sve uključene na terenu – od državnih institucija, preko volontera, do samih stradalih? U mnoštvu najrazličitijih komentara mogli su se pročitati i čuti kvalitetni uvidi u stanje i problematiku pa sve do onih koji su pisani paušalno i bez sagledavanja šire slike.

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