Marta Zorko orcid.org/0000-0002-8458-7384 ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb
Hrvoje Jakopović orcid.org/0000-0002-9846-9952 ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb
Ivana Cesarec ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb
The main framework of this interdisciplinary research interconnects the cyclic process of space creation in a virtual environment, including the various perspectives in social sciences. Combining media, communication, popular geopolitics, PR and big data this paper introduces a model for testing and evaluating the importance of transaction data on image analysis of geolocations in tourism, as well as the importance of shown interest for different destinations. The data is gathered through the Google Trends tool introduced by Google in 2012 (information available from 2004 onwards). The first goal is to compare trends in Google searches for Indonesia and Croatia and find potential geopolitical patterns of interest. The second goal is to explain the causal effects on potential peaks in trends and their reasons both in a positive and a negative context. The main thesis is that the interest is primarily regionally focused, comprised of predictable geopolitical patterns, with the exception of unexpected events and crises with potential global implications which can provide both a positive and a negative perception.
Virtual Image; Google Trends; Big Data; Indonesia; Croatia
Hrčak ID: 257176
Made Yaya Sawitri orcid.org/0000-0001-8637-8415 ; Faculty of Social and Political Science, Warmadewa University
I Nyoman Wiratmaja ; Faculty of Social and Political Science, Warmadewa University
As a country with a diversity of languages, religions, ethnicities and cultures, Indonesia is particularly vulnerable to the hostile play of identity politics. Lies produced during the Post-Truth period exploit many emotional sentiments and provoke interest groups to act based on primordial impulses that support certain political interests. The negative turbulence related to identity politics due to the chaotic circulation of hoaxes and misinformation is feared to lead to a Post-Democratic situation. Taking the case study of the two most influential elections in Indonesia: the 2017 Jakarta provincial election and the 2019 presidential election, this paper will explore how the Post-Truth phenomenon incorporates the issue of identity politics to generate a Post-Democratic situation in Indonesia. Secondary data analysis from the news and social media will be employed to further explain how identity politics is distorted in the media, and how it can generate social and political turbulence.
Post-Truth; Identity Politics; Post-Democracy; Indonesia
Hrčak ID: 257173
Lidija Kos-Stanišić orcid.org/0000-0002-9013-6088 ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb
Viktorija Car orcid.org/0000-0003-2799-8926 ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb
The focus of this comparative study is on the use of soft power in the digital public diplomacy of two Global South players, Brazil and India, in EU member states. The main objective of this research is to find out how their embassies use digital diplomacy in communication through their official websites and to identify which soft power resources they dominantly use. Quantitative content analysis and thematic analysis were used to analyze the categories and subcategories on the main menu and special banners on each embassy’s home page, and the associated content. Unlike the Indian embassies, which fully embraced digital diplomacy 2.0, the Brazilian embassies do not utilize the full potential of digital diplomacy and primarily remain reliant on websites only. According to this research, the Brazilian embassies in the EU use film as a dominant soft power resource in their digital diplomacy, while the Indian embassies use yoga as a powerful diplomatic tool. Still, both approaches are not enough to attract European publics. There remains a lot of space for improvement and better usage of soft power resources and digital public diplomacy potentials in communicating the powers of Brazil and India in EU countries.
Soft Power; Digital Public Diplomacy; India; Brazil; Global South
Hrčak ID: 257160
Marija Slijepčević ; VERN’ University
Mirela Holy orcid.org/0000-0003-1294-1978 ; VERN’ University
Nikolina Borčić orcid.org/0000-0003-3929-4758 ; VERN’ University
A creative economy is an economy where value is based on imaginative qualities rather than on the resources of land, labour and capital, and one of the most dynamic sectors of the global economy. The media industry is an important part of the creative economy and faces the most dynamic media ecosystems changes. One of the most interesting phenomena is the rising discipline of fact-checking. The discipline, which in four years (2014-2018) had a global growth of 239%, has developed to combat the adverse consequences of fake news and misinformation. It has brought interesting changes in media ecosystems and has enriched this part of the creative economy sector. This paper brings an overview of fact-checking trends in the European Union and South East Asia as these two regions show the fastest growth of the creative economy. Analysis answers the following research questions: What is the status of fact-checkers in those parts of the world? Which business models are dominant? How popular are they on social media? Which methodologies are used for fact-checking? What are their sources of financing? How often are the fact-checking organisation bilingual? Results show a significant discrepancy in trends in those two continents and emphasise fact-checking organisations’ contribution in the complex media ecosystems and further development. As media ownership impacts media content, research regarding media owners’ impact on fact-checking trends in the European Union and South East Asia is recommended.
Fact-Checking; Fake News; Creative Economy; European Union, ASEAN
Hrčak ID: 257159
Borna Zgurić orcid.org/0000-0002-6388-0098 ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb
The question this paper tries to provide an answer to is, why democratic transformation was successful in Tunisia and Indonesia? The theoretical approach is primarily rooted in descriptive-empirical actor theories, although cultural theories were used as well, as to better understand the political ideas and stances of Islamist actors. The research strategy is a binary comparative study with the same outcome on the dependent variable. Furthermore, the paper utilizes the Most Different Systems Design (MDSD) since both countries are quite different, but the dependent variable is the same – democratic transformation was successful. The aim of the paper is to isolate the independent variables which should be considered as the necessary prerequisites for the democratic transformation in both cases. However, the paper emphasises that further testing and more cases are needed.
Democracy; Democratic Transformation; Comparative Study; Tunisia; Indonesia
Hrčak ID: 257158
Robert Mikac ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb
Đana Luša ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb
Hrčak ID: 257156
Ružica Jakešević ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb
Đana Luša ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb
Politics has traditionally been reserved for men, meaning it has been very difficult for women to enter at the highest level. The progress in gender equality in politics has been uneven so far and significant differences exist among states and regions. The male dominance in state politics has translated into the international realm in international entities and multilateral political platforms as well. Although these entities gradually introduced the principles of gender equality and promoted an increased participation of women in political life in their constituent states through key documents, they face the same problem – how to ensure at least a formal and descriptive representation of women at the highest level and how to translate stated or symbolic gender equality from key documents into practice (symbolic to substantive representation). The aim of this paper is to give an overview of the historical development of the international framework for the equal participation of women in politics. Particularly, this paper analyses how two international entities – the UN and the EU – contribute to overcoming the gender-gap in politics, and whether their activities have influenced an increased participation of women in politics (descriptive representation).
Women in Politics; Political Participation; Gender Equality; Descriptive Representation; EU; UN
Hrčak ID: 257155
Original scientific paper
Dina Vozab orcid.org/0000-0001-8718-2553 ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb
Dunja Majstorović orcid.org/0000-0001-6481-1564 ; Faculty of Political Science, University of Zagreb
This paper shows changes in the normative expectations of journalism through an analysis of articles published in Croatian scientific journals about journalism in three time periods: socialism, the transition period, and the period of democratic consolidation. Using qualitative content analysis we identify a total of fifteen themes related to journalism (journalistic norms, regulation, sensationalism, investigative journalism, journalism and PR, organizational aspects, war reporting, technological aspects, gender and journalism, media freedom, democratic aspects, economic aspects, journalism education, the function of journalism in a political system, and the history of journalism) and nine normative roles for journalists ( gatekeeper, social-political worker, public sphere promoter, watchdog, commercial role, emancipatory role, neutral disseminator, advocacy role, defender of democracy). We used quantitative content analysis to analyze the distribution of themes and roles. The results show no unambiguous perception of journalism in academic papers during the different time periods as is generally assumed in the literature on media democratization and the media in transitional countries in general.
Content Analysis; Journalism; Post-Socialism; Social Science Journals; Socialism
Hrčak ID: 257154
Recenzija, Prikaz slučaja
Tanja Grmuša ; Fakultet hrvatskih studija, Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Hrčak ID: 255609
Original scientific paper
Vedran Jerbić orcid.org/0000-0002-7253-6387 ; Fakultet političkih znanosti, Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Summary The aim of this paper is to critically assess Quentin Skinner’s linguistic contextualism by using the perspective of Laclau and Mouffe’s theory of hegemony. It strives to show that the theory of hegemony can offer a sort of middle way in the currently dominant discussion between so-called textualists and contextualists. By insisting on the strategic aspect of context in the interpretation of political discourses, Laclau and Mouffe are introducing a model of contextualization that does not follow traditional dichotomies between history and philosophy or particularity of context and universality of ideas. The strategic role of context would simultaneously represent a symptom of the deeper stratification of political language and meaning, and would function as a tool of the transformation of that very context.
Theory of Hegemony; Discourse; Context; Antagonism; Skinner; Laclau and Mouffe
Hrčak ID: 255606