Arhiva kategorije: Sažetak

Coercive Engineered Migrations as a Tool of Hybrid Warfare: A Binary Comparison of Two Cases on the External EU Border

Pregledni rad

https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.59.2.06

Janko Bekić ; Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Croatia


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 334kb

str. 141-169

citiraj


Sažetak

In the first part of the paper the author gives an overview of the terminology,‎ definition and theory of hybrid warfare, a concept simultaneously disputed in‎ the academic community and firmly established among the decision-making‎ elites of NATO and the EU. The second part is dedicated to a specific aspect ‎or tool of hybrid warfare – coercive engineered migrations. Through a binary‎ comparison of different cases with a similar outcome on the EU’s external‎ border – Greece-Turkey in 2020 and Poland-Belarus in 2021 – the author‎ determines the internal and external requirements for a successful defense ‎against migrations weaponized by a hostile neighboring state.‎

Ključne riječi

Hybrid Warfare, Coercive Engineered Migrations, European Union, Greece, Poland

Hrčak ID:

281705

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/281705

Meandering Limits: The Danube Border Dispute Between Croatia and Serbia and Ways to Its Resolution

Izvorni znanstveni članak

https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.59.2.05

Thomas Bickl ; European Parliament


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 1850kb

str. 112-140

citiraj


Sažetak

This single-case study seeks to provide an in-depth analysis of the territorial‎ dispute between the Republic of Croatia and the Republic of Serbia over the ‎State border along the Danube. The research article will look into the historical ‎roots of the conflict and its current context of the EU accession process‎ of Serbia addressing (i) the dispute in substance, e.g. the positions of Serbia‎ and Croatia, (ii) available dispute settlement tools – bilateral (with or without ‎third-party mediation) or third-party judicial, and (iii) delimitation scenarios ‎of the Danube border both in the bilateral mode and in the light of the jurisprudence‎ of international courts and tribunals. The study demonstrates that it‎ does indeed take some political will to overcome the protracted conflict, and ‎addresses the related focal points. The article is based on interviews, internal ‎documents, decisions of international courts and tribunals, and secondary literature.‎

Ključne riječi

Croatia, Serbia, Danube, EU Enlargement, Dispute Resolution

Hrčak ID:

281704

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/281704

Hobbes Against the Fool – Creation Versus Tohu and Bohu

Izvorni znanstveni članak

https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.59.2.04

Asaf Sokolowski ; University of Edinburgh; Hebrew University of Jerusalem


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 263kb

str. 95-111

citiraj


Sažetak

In Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes voices concern over the squandering of the‎ prospects of human prosperity. This paper argues that the remedy he proposes ‎is the political replication of scripture’s idea of creation; the acknowledgment ‎of an originator, a first cause of indisputable order. Hobbes’s nemesis, the ‎Fool, is an agent of scripture’s antithetical tohu and bohu (the disarray that‎ preceded creation), who misguidedly believes he can work disarray to his advantage. ‎For Hobbes this is folly, because the volatility of disarray is beyond human mastery. Nevertheless, steadfastness and prosperity remain at hand,‎ by replicating the order of a ‘higher power’ that is fortunately echoed in all‎ creation. This paper is made in the image of Hobbes’s ‘replication methodology’,‎ that in turn is modelled after scripture’s original depiction of the act of ‎creation “in his own image” (Genesis 1:27). The paper identifies the biblical‎ Nabal as the ‘original Fool’, and reflects on how the original resonates in ‎Hobbes’s iteration.‎

Ključne riječi

Hobbes, The Fool, Tohu and Bohu, Creation, Causation, Prosperity

Hrčak ID:

281703

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/281703

Yugoslavs and Europeans Compared: Supranational Polities and Supranational Identification

Izvorni znanstveni članak

https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.59.2.03

Nikola Petrović orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-0308-521X ; Institut za društvena istraživanja u Zagrebu
Filip Fila orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-9127-3324 ; Institut za društvena istraživanja u Zagrebu
Marko Mrakovčić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-4919-0277 ; Sveučilište u Rijeci


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 348kb

str. 66-92

citiraj


Sažetak

Drawing on Sekulić, Massey and Hodson’s seminal article ‘Who were the‎ Yugoslavs?’, this paper compares the share and determinants of identifying as‎ Yugoslavs during socialism with the panorama of primary European identification.‎ Eurobarometer surveys containing data on European identification are‎ utilized to that end. The study takes in consideration social and political contexts ‎that shaped supranational identification in particular Yugoslav socialist‎ republics and EU member states. Our findings show low levels of Europeans‎ and Yugoslavs in both polities. The results also show that nationally specific‎ contexts affect both the prevalence of European identification and its determinants.‎ There are considerable differences in the level of European identification‎ among EU countries, and statistical analyses of the Belgian, French and‎ German cases further showed that different factors shape it. Of all the variables,‎ non-exclusive nationalities have been the strongest predictors of supranational ‎identification in both Socialist Yugoslavia and the EU.‎

Ključne riječi

European Union, Socialist Yugoslavia, Identification, Supranationalism, Member States, Republics

Hrčak ID:

281702

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/281702

Place of Women’s Rights in Supranation-Building: Comparison of Socialist Yugoslavia and the European Union

Izvorni znanstveni članak

https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.59.2.02

Ana Maskalan orcid id orcid.org/0000-0001-9969-1507 ; Institut za društvena istraživanja u Zagrebu


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 304kb

str. 41-65

citiraj


Sažetak

In both Socialist Yugoslavia and the European Union, the establishment of‎ women’s rights can be determined as an integral part of supranation-building.‎ While bearing in mind the long and unbroken tradition of patriarchy, both entities,‎ partially under the influence of feminist theory and practice, have integrated ‎the fight for women’s rights into their political agendas, using them as ‎an identity tool in establishing a clear distinction from the opposed political,‎ economic and socio-cultural systems. Imposed from the above, the introduction‎ of gender equality policies and legislation to many of their (nation) states‎ came as a shock therapy, challenging existing traditional cultural patterns and ‎norms while making the results uneven and fragile. Women’s rights policies ‎were, especially in the beginning, primarily economic in nature, concentrating ‎on the inadequate position of women in the labor market and ignoring the‎ structural reasons behind inequality.‎

Ključne riječi

Women’s Rights, Supranation-Building, Socialist Yugoslavia, European Union, Feminism

Hrčak ID:

281701

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/281701

The Youth Shall Inherit the Earth? Supranational Identity-Building in Socialist Yugoslavia and the EU Compared

Izvorni znanstveni članak

https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.59.2.01

Mario Munta orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-7613-4748 ; Fakultet političkih znanosti, Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Stevo Đurašković ; Fakultet političkih znanosti, Sveučilište u Zagrebu
Miloš Kovačević orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-4314-5061 ; Fakultet političkih znanosti, Sveučilište u Zagrebu


Puni tekst: engleski pdf 311kb

str. 13-40

citiraj


Sažetak

This article focuses on the intention of Youth Labor Actions in former Yugoslavia ‎and the European Solidarity Corps in the EU to contribute to the creation ‎of a Yugoslav and European supranational identity respectively. It does‎ so by analyzing the programs’ evolution, ideological underpinnings, but also ‎implementation modalities. The article argues that both programs, despite being‎ developed in different historical periods, nurtured a similar spirit of solidarity‎ and the idea of work for the common good. Both have had a comparable ‎tendency to create and maintain supranational identities in subtle, but at ‎the same time formalized ways. While following the same principal idea, they‎ differ in the context in which they emerged, their treatment of national identities‎ and the type of ideological baggage they carried. Creation of Yugoslavs‎ ultimately failed, while creation of Europeans is still pending, aggravated by ‎EU’s poly-crisis, politicization of European integration and clashing conceptions ‎of identity within the EU.‎

Ključne riječi

Youth Labor Actions, European Solidarity Corps, Yugoslavia, European Union, Supranationalism, Identity, Youth Programs

Hrčak ID:

281700

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/281700