Comparing Western Democratic Leverage: From Tirana to Tripoli

Mieczysław Boduszyński ; Pomona College, Claremont, U.S.A. Fulltext: pdf (275 KB), English, Pages 189 – 203

Abstracts What are the generic sildenafil conditions puscifer v is for viagra under which external actors positively influence democratization? A growing literature analyzes the external dimension of democratization, focusing, for instance, on the power of EU enlargement conditionality to spur democratic reform in the post-communist world, and especially the cialisonline-onlinebestrx Balkans. This paper compares the effect of Western leverage over transitions in the Balkans and the Arab Spring countries. Western democratic leverage is a function of external power and internal vulnerability to external democratizing pressure, but it is also related to factors such as Western political will, the influence of countervailing external powers, and nationalist resistance. The article demonstrates that on all of these dimensions, Western democratic leverage over the Arab Spring countries is significantly lower than it has been over the Balkan states, and thus that the prospects for democratization in states such as Egypt, Libya, and Tunisia are generic viagra online dimmer.

Keywords Arab Spring; Democratization; Democracy Promotion; Balkans; Conditionality