CONSERVATIVE REVOLUTION AND NATIONALISM

Review article

https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.59.1.01

Tihomir Cipek orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-3253-7326 ; Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Zagreb


Full text: croatian pdf 324 Kb

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Abstract

The text uses the theory of nationalism to analyse the basic ideas of the conservative ‎revolution. This is done through the reconstruction of the basic theses ‎of the political thought of Thomas Mann, Arthur Moeller van den Bruck,‎ Ernst Jünger, Oswald Spengler, and Carl Schmitt. The analysis is focused on ‎the way in which the relationship between language and nation, war and nation, ‎liberalism and nation, and the nation’s relationship with the West were ‎interpreted. It can be concluded that language was considered to reflect the‎ spirit of the nation, that war was considered as the foundation of national‎ identity, that liberalism was considered to be the main ideological enemy of‎ German national identity, and that the West was rejected while Russia and‎ Dostoevsky were praised. According to this analysis, it can be stated that the‎ German nationalism and the rejection of liberalism were the basis of the ideology‎ of the conservative revolution. Finally, it can be pointed out that though‎ conservative revolutionaries advocated dictatorship, they didn’t advocate a return ‎to the old regime of the monarchy, but an authoritarian conservative utopia. ‎Precisely because of the utopian features of the conservative revolution,‎ its ideas are still appealing to the radical right.‎

Keywords

Conservative Revolution, Nationalism, War, Liberalism, West, Conservative Utopia

Hrčak ID:

275476

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/275476

Article data in other languages: croatian