Labin Republic 1921: Anthropological-Historical Notes on the Centenary Of the Workers Occupation of the Coal Mine, Self-Organization and Resistance

Original scientific paper

Andrea Matošević   ORCID icon ; Filozofski fakultet, Sveučilište Jurja Dobrile u Puli

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (1 MB) pages 7-26 cite

On the occasion of the hundredth anniversary, this paper analyses the political,‎ existential and cultural reasons for the rise of the mining revolt in the southeastern‎ part of Istria named The Republic of Labin, during March and April‎ 1921. Characterized by the occupation of mines and wider territory, the organization‎ of life, defence and production “for themselves and their account”‎ during 36/37 days, and finally the conflict between the Italian authorities and‎ the miners, it was organized after similar processes took place throughout‎ Italy. This period (1919-1920), also known as biennio rosso, the red biennium,‎ throughout the Apennine Peninsula would be intensified in September‎ 1920 by the occupation of industrial plants in light and heavy industry. Despite‎ the similarities and connections between the events on the peninsulas,‎ it is the miners of the Labin region – in the wake of advanced revolutionary‎ ideas about “proletarian republics”, “workers’ self-governments” and “mining‎ councils” – who would insist on several significant dynamics and characteristics‎ during the uprising: non-nationality, cooperation with peasantry and‎ ultimately an armed conflict with the authorities. Also, the paper builds upon‎ an anthropological thesis on the specifics of mining communities that made a‎ significant difference in the articulation of these events in relation to the wider‎ working class.‎

The Republic of Labin; Miners; Proletarian Republics; Biennio Rosso; Antifascism

Hrčak ID: 255586