Media Ecosystems and the Fact-Checking Movement: a Comparison of Trends in the EU and ASEAN

Preliminary communication
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.58.2.04

Marija Slijepčević ; VERN’ University
Mirela Holy   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-1294-1978 ; VERN’ University
Nikolina Borčić   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-3929-4758 ; VERN’ University

Fulltext: english, pdf (313 KB) pages 92-112 cite

Abstracts
A creative economy is an economy where value is based on imaginative qualities‎ rather than on the resources of land, labour and capital, and one of the‎ most dynamic sectors of the global economy. The media industry is an important‎ part of the creative economy and faces the most dynamic media ecosystems‎ changes. One of the most interesting phenomena is the rising discipline‎ of fact-checking. The discipline, which in four years (2014-2018) had a global‎ growth of 239%, has developed to combat the adverse consequences of fake‎ news and misinformation. It has brought interesting changes in media ecosystems‎ and has enriched this part of the creative economy sector. This paper‎ brings an overview of fact-checking trends in the European Union and South‎ East Asia as these two regions show the fastest growth of the creative economy.‎ Analysis answers the following research questions: What is the status of‎ fact-checkers in those parts of the world? Which business models are dominant?‎ How popular are they on social media? Which methodologies are used‎ for fact-checking? What are their sources of financing? How often are the‎ fact-checking organisation bilingual? Results show a significant discrepancy‎ in trends in those two continents and emphasise fact-checking organisations’‎ contribution in the complex media ecosystems and further development. As‎ media ownership impacts media content, research regarding media owners’‎ impact on fact-checking trends in the European Union and South East Asia‎ is recommended.‎

Keywords
Fact-Checking; Fake News; Creative Economy; European Union, ASEAN

Hrčak ID: 257159

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/257159