Out of Socialism into Nationalism: Borovo Factory in 1990 Political Changes

Original scientific paper

Vladimir Filipović ; Libertas International University, Zagreb, Croatia

Fulltext: english, pdf (334 KB) pages 52-52 cite
Fulltext: croatian, pdf (334 KB) pages 34-52 cite

The article analyzes the situation in the footwear factory Borovo in the times of democratic changes in 1990. At the end of the 1980s the factory found itself in a serious crisis, mostly due to structural problems. Furthermore, strikes and conflicts of different levels of authority for custody over the factory were very frequent. First multiparty elections brought completely new political circumstances in the factory environment. However, in the factory there was still the same management as in the old system. In the article we examine, based on the example of the so-called June-strike of workers in 1990, to what extent the same socialist practice was still actual, that is, how the workers were offered a new framework of collective illusion, instead of making them face real problems. At the same time, the hard position of workers in Borovo was a “fertile ground” for nationalistic ideas. Based on the mentioned examples, we analyze the thesis about coalitio n of socialist elites and the working class by means of buying social peace. Furthermore, we analyze the thesis about nationalism as a new “collective mantle” which substitutes socialism. Finally, we examine to what extent democratic changes were truly a process of democratization rather than efforts of new actors to take over the position in society that was held by the Communist Party in the previous period.

Borovo Factory; Vukovar; HDZ; Strike; Nationalism; Socialism

Hrčak ID: 196779