The Genesis of the Idea and Value of Political Peace in Early Modern Political Philosophy

Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.57.4.02

Raul Raunić ; Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb

Fulltext: english, pdf (340 KB) pages 33-59 cite

Abstracts
The main intention of this paper is to reconstruct the conceptual and historical‎ genesis of the idea and value of political peace from the point of view of ‎political philosophy at the intersection between late scholasticism and early modernity. The paper consists of three related parts. The first part highlights‎ methodological and contextual reasons why the idea of political peace has ‎been overshadowed throughout history by dominant discourses on war. The ‎second part deals with conceptual clarifications. The nature of war is distinguished ‎from other types of conflict and three interpretative approaches to‎ war are analyzed: political realism, fundamentalist-moralistic view of the holy‎ war, and the many theories of natural law that give rise to conceptions of just‎ war, but also the first abolitionist perspective or idea of ending all wars. Early‎ theoretical articulations of the notion of peace indicated modern-day emancipation‎ of politics from the tutelage of metaphysics and classical ethics, thus‎ separating the value of political peace from its original oneness with cosmic ‎and psychological peace. The third part of the paper highlights key moments ‎in the historical genesis of the value of political peace in the works of Aurelius ‎Augustine, Marsilius of Padua, and William of Ockham.‎

Keywords
Violence and War; Political Peace; Aurelius Augustine; Marsilius of Padua; William of Ockham

Hrčak ID: 252681

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/252681