THE QUESTION OF NATIONALITY IN MONTENEGRO: LEGAL CONSEQUENCES OF THE DECISIONS OF PODGORICA ASSEMBLY IN 1918

Review article

https://doi.org/10.20901/pm.59.1.02

László Heka ; Pravni fakultet Sveučilišta u Szegedu, Institut za poredbeno pravo i pravnu teoriju, Szeged, Mađarska


Full text: croatian pdf 360 Kb

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Abstract

The question of nationality in the Balkans, especially in the South-Slavic ‎territory, has always been burdensome and it has historical, legal, and political‎ connotations. After the bloody breakup of the former Yugoslavia, the‎ question of Montenegrins’ national identity and their relationship with Serbia‎ and the Serbs has intensified over the past twenty years. The relationship‎ between these two nations became strained on the eve of the First World War‎and this culminated in 1918, when Belgrade, with the help of Montenegrin ‎Serbs, annexed the internationally recognized Kingdom of Montenegro. Since‎ then, the branch declaring itself to be Serb in the national sense remains strong ‎among the Montenegrins. However, the Montenegrin population voted for independence ‎in the referendum held in 2006. Since then, there have been two ‎views on national and state history, culture, and identity of the smallest post-‎Yugoslav republic. Fifteen years after the restoration of statehood (21 May‎2021), the population is as divided as it was at the time of independence. In ‎this paper, we place special emphasis on the 1918 Podgorica Assembly, which ‎is the starting point of Serbian-Montenegrin disputes regarding nationality ‎and statehood.‎

Keywords

Montenegro, Montenegrin National Question, Podgorica Assembly, Christmas Uprising, Serbian Orthodox Church, Montenegrins

Hrčak ID:

275481

URI

https://hrcak.srce.hr/275481

Article data in other languages: croatian