The authors discuss whether the European Union and its policies have affected the improvement of the status of the Roma minority in Croatia. They are using the concept of political conditionality of the EU as a framework through which they attempt to interpret the change of policies towards Roma minority in Croatia, and determine whether there are some improvements in sectors of education and employment. The analysis includes various EU mechanisms such as initiatives and strategies created at the supranational level, as well as EU funds which serve as spiritus movens at the lowest levels. They also analyze national programmes adopted by Croatia which are directly related to the observed minority. Finally, they draw conclusions on the basis of observed data and statistical analysis of various strategies.