The Twilight of the Liberal International Order, The Dialectic of Political Mechanics and the New Westphalian System for the 21st Century

Review article

Neven Cvetićanin ; Institut društvenih nauka, Beograd
Marko Mandić   ORCID icon ; Institut društvenih nauka, Beograd

Fulltext: serbian, pdf (352 KB) pages 103-126 cite

The authors of this paper offer an overview and analysis of the rise and fall of‎ the liberal international order that emerged after the end of the Cold War and‎ along with the rising power of the United States. The foreign policy agenda‎ of the post-Cold War sole superpower was guided by the idea of creating a‎ global order based on the ideology of liberalism, which incorporates theories‎ of liberal peace, democratic peace and neoliberal institutionalism. The establishment‎ of a liberal order has been accompanied by numerous political, social,‎ economic and security crises. The current era is characterized by the rise‎ of the relative power of global actors, primarily China and Russia, as the main‎ challengers to the world domination of the United States, geopolitical revisionism‎ and ideological struggle around the world. The authors of this paper‎ use the dialectic of political mechanics as a method that relies on the teachings‎ of Friedrich Hegel on the dialectic of history and Carl Schmitt on the‎ phenomenon of the political. The authors advocate the view that the political‎ field “permanently pulsates”, which, in everything that is social and political,‎ necessarily creates action and reaction.‎

Liberal International Order; Dialectic of Political Mechanics; Friend/Enemy; International Relations; Westphalian System

Hrčak ID: 255600