Yugoslavs and Europeans Compared: Supranational Polities and Supranational Identification

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Nikola Petrović orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-0308-521X ; Institut za društvena istraživanja u Zagrebu
Filip Fila orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-9127-3324 ; Institut za društvena istraživanja u Zagrebu
Marko Mrakovčić orcid id orcid.org/0000-0002-4919-0277 ; Sveučilište u Rijeci

Puni tekst: engleski pdf 348kb

str. 66-92



Drawing on Sekulić, Massey and Hodson’s seminal article ‘Who were the‎ Yugoslavs?’, this paper compares the share and determinants of identifying as‎ Yugoslavs during socialism with the panorama of primary European identification.‎ Eurobarometer surveys containing data on European identification are‎ utilized to that end. The study takes in consideration social and political contexts ‎that shaped supranational identification in particular Yugoslav socialist‎ republics and EU member states. Our findings show low levels of Europeans‎ and Yugoslavs in both polities. The results also show that nationally specific‎ contexts affect both the prevalence of European identification and its determinants.‎ There are considerable differences in the level of European identification‎ among EU countries, and statistical analyses of the Belgian, French and‎ German cases further showed that different factors shape it. Of all the variables,‎ non-exclusive nationalities have been the strongest predictors of supranational ‎identification in both Socialist Yugoslavia and the EU.‎

Ključne riječi

European Union, Socialist Yugoslavia, Identification, Supranationalism, Member States, Republics

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